Welcome. This section is for universal nuts, bolts, washers, etc. Mopeds are almost all metric. As you can see, this little hardware store is mostly empty.
Metric Nutssize thread height wrench style price for 5 for 10 for 50 for 100
M4 – 0.70 x 4 hex 7 standard zinc $0.30 $1.20 $2.00
M5 – 0.75 x 4 hex 7 see Dellorto cable adjuster nut M5 – 0.80 x 5 hex 8 standard zinc $0.40 $1.50 $2.50 M5 – 0.80 x 5 hex 8 std chrome $1.50 $6.00 $10.00 M5 – 0.80 x 6 hex 8 self-locking $0.70 $3.00 $5.00 M5 – 0.80 x 7 hex 8 thick nut zinc $1.00 $4.00 $7.00 M5 – 0.80 x 5 hex 8 cap chrome $1.00 $4.00 M5 – 0.80 x 20 hex 8 tall nut Morini $2.00 $8.00 M5 – 0.90 x 5 hex 8 coarse zinc $1.50 $6.00 $10.00
M6 – 0.75 x 4 hex 9 see Dellorto cable elbow nut M6 – 0.80 x 4 hex 10 fine thin nut $1.50 $6.00 M6 – 1.00 x 4 hex 10 thin nut zinc $0.60 $2.50 $4.00 M6 – 1.00 x 6 hex 9 see Solex frame or head nut M6 – 1.00 x 6 hex 10 standard zinc $0.50 $2.00 $3.00 $12.00 $20.00 M6 – 1.00 x 7 hex 10 self-locking $0.80 $3.50 $6.00 M6 – 1.00 x 8 hex 10 thick nut zinc $1.00 $4.50 $7.00 M6 – 1.00 x 12 hex 10 tall brass $3.00 $13.00
M7 – 1.00 x 7 hex 11 standard zinc $0.60 $2.50 $4.00 M7 – 1.00 x 7 hex 10 standard zinc $1.00 $4.50 $7.00 M7 – 1.00 x 7 hex 11 std chrome $2.00 $8.00 $15.00 M7 – 1.00 x 8 hex 11 self-locking $2.00 $8.00
M8 – 1.00 x 8 hex 13 fine nut zinc M8 – 1.00 x 8 hex 13 fine self-lock M8 – 1.25 x 8 hex 12 standard zinc M8 – 1.25 x 8 hex 13 standard zinc M8 – 1.25 x 9 hex 13 self-locking
M9 – 1.00 x 10 hex 14 see Solex axle nut
M10-1.00 x 10 hex 17 fine nut zinc M10-1.00 x 6 hex 17 fine thin zinc M10-1.00 x 10 hex 14 see engine hardware crank nuts M10-1.25 x 10 hex 14 standard black M10-1.25 x 10 hex 14 cap nut black M10-1.25 x 10 hex 17 standard zinc M10-1.25 x 11 hex 17 self-locking M10-1.50 x 10 hex 17 coarse nut
M11-1.00 x 11 hex 17 see wheel parts axle nut M11-1.00 x 8 hex 17 see wheel parts axle lock nut M11-1.00 x 6 hex 17 see wheel parts axle lock nut M11-1.00 x 4 hex 17 see wheel parts axle lock nut
M12-1.00 x 12 see wheel parts M12-1.00 x 10 see wheel parts M12-1.00 x 8 see wheel parts M12-1.00 x 6 see wheel parts M12-1.25 x 12 fine nut zinc hex 19 M12-1.25 x 12 fine nut zinc hex 17 M12-1.50 x 12 standard zinc hex 19 M12-1.50 x 13 self-locking hex 19
M14-1.00 x 8 see Indian clutch nut H214 M16-1.00 x 10 M20-1.00 x 10 see Tomos sprocket nut 209080 Hex Head Bolts M4-0.70 x 10 M4-0.70 x 12 M4-0.70 x 14 M4-0.70 x 16 M4-0.70 x 18 M4-0.70 x 20 M4-0.70 x 25 M4-0.70 x 30 M5-0.80 x 10 M5-0.80 x 12 M5-0.80 x 14 M5-0.80 x 16 M5-0.80 x 18 M5-0.80 x 20 M5-0.80 x 25 M5-0.80 x 30 M5-0.80 x 35 M5-0.80 x 40 M5-0.80 x 45 M5-0.80 x 50 M6-1.00 x 10 M6-1.00 x 12 M6-1.00 x 14 M6-1.00 x 16 M6-1.00 x 18 M6-1.00 x 20 M6-1.00 x 25 M6-1.00 x 30 M6-1.00 x 35 M6-1.00 x 40 M6-1.00 x 45 M6-1.00 x 50 M6-1.00 x 55 M6-1.00 x 60 M6-1.00 x 65 M6-1.00 x 70 M6-1.00 x 80
made in Italy by Negrini Morini MO1, MO2, M1
Negrini mopeds, scooters and small motorcycles have been made in Modena, Italy since 1950.
Negrini USA was formed when the US laws changed in 1976, and moped demand in the US was very high because of fear of high gas prices. Some time around 1979 Negrini USA Inc became Marina Mobili Inc (MMI).
Left, Myrons “Negrini Info Sheet” from 2002. Negrini mopeds are rare in California because they had no west coast distribution center. So out of 150 moped shops in the greater Los Angeles area, none, or almost none, were Negrini dealers. So no left over color brochures were in Myron’s buyout material. That’s why the info sheet pictures are so bad.
The Negrini Leprotto was the low cost version of the Gazelle, with painted fenders instead of polished stainless steel, an all steel standard fork instead of the stiff and precise CO.ST.A. motorcycle type fork (cast aluminum with steel tube), and with P.V. controls with plastic levers instead of Domino controls with polished stainless steel levers. Both the Leprotto and Gazelle had the same detachable gas tank and classic Italian moped steel tube step-thru frame.
Other than the Leprotto, all Negrini mopeds had high quality CO.ST.A motorcycle type suspension for precise control. Other than the Leprotto, all Negrini mopeds had high quality Domino “70’s chrome” controls with polished stainless steel (SS) levers that look like chrome. Of course, like an Italian meal is not complete without pasta, so all Negrini mopeds had high quality CEV electrical equipment, Dansi or Bosch ignition, Grimeca wheels and brakes, CBA exhausts, and for desert, Dellorto S.H.A. 14/12 (or 14/9) flat slide carburetors facing to the right side.
Negrini (1981 prices)Gazelle III (spoke) $689 Harvard II (mag) $745 MX Sport II (spoke) $749 MX Sport II (mag) $799 MX KPN City Cross $879 MX Gipsy Cross (off road) (see here for Gipsy Cross) 1980-81 greyscale pictures, model names and specs from 1981 Buyers Guide p58
The business location on 146 W Commercial Ave, in Moonachie NJ, that was originally called “Negrini USA Inc”, became known as “Marina Mobili Inc”. The phone number 201-438-5700 that was originally for Negrini USA Inc, became the phone number of Marina Mobili Inc. From this it appears that Negrini USA changed their name to Marina Mobili. The most likely reason is they wanted to expand into selling more brands than just Negrini. They went on to become the biggest independent moped importer in the USA, taking on dozens of brands of bikes and components, mostly Italian and American at first. Soon they expanded to parts from France, Germany, Taiwan, Holland and Spain. So this flyer is historically important. This material was donated by Mr. B. Small of Maryland USA, for you to use and enjoy!
Marina Mobili’s first product brands were Bosch, CEV, Cintin, CO.ST.A., Dansi, Dellorto, Domino, G.E., Grimeca, Huret, Kryptonite, Master, Michelin, Minarelli, Morini, Negrini, and Pirelli brands. They are listed on this early flyer for moped dealers.
Negrini components: Morini MO1 (or optional MO2 2-speed) engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9 on 20mph) carb, Dansi magneto (two kinds possible) or Bosch magneto, Grimeca wheels and brakes, Domino “70’s chrome” controls, CEV lights, switches, wiring, Huret speedometer.
Contents: 1. Introduction 2. History 3. Indian Models 4. Advertisements 5. Other Parts Sources
6. Gas Valve Info 7. Gas Cap Info 8. Indian Magneto Info 9. Indian Owners Manual
I am the real Indian.
No, I am the real Indian.
Partial History of the Indian Four Stroke Moped: Around 1977 American Moped Associates (AMA) purchased the Indian trademark from bankruptcy court for $10,000.
Excerpt from Mark Daniels “The Fall” article: Across the East China Sea in Japan, Honda had decided to discontinue its old four-stroke mopeds and replace these with new two-stroke models. Following a 10-year production run, the PC50-K1 was pensioned off in February 1977 … but the engine design and a number of cycle ancillary components were licensed on to AMA to manufacture again at their Merida factory in Taiwan. The result was the Indian AMI–50 ‘Chief’, which first appeared on sale in 1978. Now it’s fairly obvious there are some people who’re going to say this is just a PC50 come back to haunt us, but it’s really not! The engine is clearly a mirror design, but absolutely everything has been re-made, and not a single original Japanese Honda PC50 component or fitment has been employed. It’s a completely new motor manufactured to the licensed blueprint, and everything is different.
American Moped Associates had many accessories made with the Indian name, Indian saddlebags, Indian tools, Indian batteries, Indian carburetor cleaner, Indian cable locks, Indian shirts, Indian belt buckles, Indian patches, Indian decals, Indian lighted signs, Indian banners, Indian bin box labels, even Indian tires (made by Cheng Shin), and the optional aluminum 8-ray wheels made in USA by Sport Mag II. AMA had planned a 2-speed transmission for the 1981 redesigned Indian mopeds, but it never came to be. American Moped Associates, at 1852 Langley Ave, Irvine CA 92714, sold out to Carmen Deleone and his Leone Accessories company in 1982.
Leone Accessories had Indian saddlebags, Indian boxes, Indian shirts, Indian belt buckles, Indian patches, Indian decals, and the optional aluminum 8-ray wheels made in USA by Sport Mag II. Carmen Deleone only bought American Moped out for the use of the Indian name, as the mopeds were sold down and not produced. That’s why there are no 1982 or later Indian mopeds. Leone Accessories, about a year later, acquired Derbi Motor Corporation of America (DMCA). See Derbi Parts for more info on that.
While the wholesale sales of Spanish made Derbi mopeds went well, DMCA’s plans for a new Indian moped and full size Indian motorcycle for 1984 failed miserably. A few Manco go-karts were sold with “Indian 4-stroke” stickers affixed. Then the Indian name was sold off. DMCA continued to import and distribute Derbi mopeds, made in Spain, to USA moped dealers, and to supply Indian moped parts and accessories until 1989-90.
Merida Industry Company was started in Yuanlin (Taiwan) in Sept 1972 by Ike Tseng (1932-2012). Ike was annoyed at the poor quality of Taiwan made bicycles in 1971. It was so bad that some American bike shops at the time refused to repair Taiwan bikes, because they would not stay fixed. Pedal hard and the pressed-together DNB rear 10-speed hub would twist, throwing the rim out of true. Much of the steel was soft and weak, so on threaded things, even normal tightening would strip the threads. Ike Tseng was smart enough, as both an engineer and a business person, and determined to improve the quality of Taiwan bicycles. He also had connections in the US. Who ever started American Moped Associates probably knew Ike Tseng and/or his high-quality-Taiwan-bicycle company.
Excerpt from http://www.merida.com/en_int/about-us-94.html, what “Merida” means, as told by Michael Tseng, current CEO and son of Ike Tseng: The man whose life motto was “move with passion and courage” chose the name “Merida” intentionally: The rough translation of the three syllables “Me-Ri-Da” means that the company’s intention is to manufacture only beautiful and high-quality products enabling anyone to reach her or his destination as pleasantly as possible.
Excerpt from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merida_Bikes: Merida Industry Co., Ltd (MIC) is a Taiwan-based bicycle design, manufacture, and sales company. It was started in 1972 by Ike Tseng. The original layout was based on the Raleigh Nottingham factory as Merida began by making Raleigh bikes for the North American market. Ike was a very talented engineer, and the company grew as a well-respected OE manufacturer making many well-respected brands. Ike died in January 2012, the company is now run by his son Michael Tseng.
Merida is a global player in bicycle design and manufacturing, making 2.2 million bicycles a year at 5 factories: 1 in Taiwan, 3 in China and 1 in Germany. As at 2012 the company is a public listed company on the Taiwanese stock exchange, quoted at approximately £350 million, making it one of Taiwan’s biggest companies.
Merida now produces mainly its own Merida-branded bikes, which are present in 67 countries around the world, or selected brands which it has a financial interest in, e.g. the German brand Centurion. In 2001, Merida bought 49% of Specialized for a reported US$30 million, although its CEO and founder Mike Sinyard remained majority owner.
Merida has been co-sponsor of the Multivan Merida Biking Team, with athletes such as Jose Hermida and Gunn-Rita Dahle Flesjå, and of bicycle racing events such as the TransUK and TransWales mountain bike races. Since 2004, the team has been scoring over 30 World Cup wins as well as Olympic gold and silver medals. In 2013 Merida became co-sponsors of the Pro-Tour Lampre-Merida road racing team.
2. Indian History
The history of Indian began two centuries ago in 1897. Read Mark Daniels excellent article “The Fall”, the full history of Indian, at http://www.icenicam.ukfsn.org/articles5/art0084.html. This is the best Indian History article ever!
3. Indian ModelsAll Indian mopeds have the same model name, “AMI-50 Chief”, or just “AMI-50″. The service manual cover mentions a “AMI-50 2S”. This was the 2-speed that never materialized. The 1978-82 Indian engine is an exact copy of a 1968-77 Honda PC50 4-stroke 1-speed moped engine. Indian models are like a fast food restaurant menu, many variations from just a few ingredients. The 1978 Indian Parts Manual lists the following frame colors: black, silver, burgundy, blue. (blue was actually white?) The first 1978 Indians had a Tillotson “pumper” type carburetor. That had problems. Later 1978 Indians had a Keihin carburetor, with lever choke, same kind as Honda PC50. The only 1978 decals listed are the left and right Indian heads on the tank. The only 1978 wheels are the spoke wheels with 90mm brake drums. The 1979 Indian Parts Manual lists the following frame colors: black, silver, burgundy, blue, green, white. The 1979-later Indians had a wider rear luggage rack. Some 1979, and all 1980-later had a Mikuni 10mm carb, with cable choke. The cylinder head for the Mikuni carb model has a different flange angle, and maybe upgrades to valves? The 1979-later Sport Mag II aluminum wheels have the same 90mm brakes as the spoke wheels. The 1979-later Mira Enterprises aluminum wheels have 100mm brakes, different than the others. “Script” version had gold script Indian decals on the tank, and gold script Indian on the engine covers (sides). “Stripe” version had either “warm” or “cool” color stripes, and “FOUR STROKE” in yellow slanted on the sides. At some point the fork changed. The new fork complete interchanged with the old, but the separate parts did not. The 1980 Indian Parts Manual lists the following frame colors: black, silver, burgundy, blue, green, white. Some 1979, and all 1980-later had the improved two-coil WTEMCO magneto. See Wiring Diagrams for that.
1978-79 Indian AMI-50 Chief (head logo, spoke wheels)
1979-80 Indian AMI-50 Chief (gold script, spoke wheels)
1979-80 Indian AMI-50 Chief (color stripes, spoke wheels)
1979-80 Indian AMI-50 Chief (gold script, Sport Mag II “8 ray” wheels)
Some Indians had Sport Mag II cast aluminum wheels, made in Placentia CA USA, near Myrons Mopeds. These were pretty much the only aluminum “mag” type wheel on any Indian mopeds originally sold is Southern California. For the rest of the country, the Mira Enterprises (Taiwan-made) aluminum wheels, that look like snowflakes, are the most common type of Indian moped “mag” wheel. This is easy to see in a Google image search for “indian moped”. Maybe, this was because American Moped Associates, in Irvine CA, had to unpack the bikes and swap the wheels with the local-made aluminum ones (that need all the brake and axle parts transferred from the old spoke wheels). So they only sold units with Sport Mag II wheels to local deliveries, while for far away deliveries they would sell the units with Mira snowflake wheels. That way the packaging crate was undisturbed from Taiwan, and able to withstand another long distance shipment. What you see on opposite coasts of the USA is sometimes different, like these wheel styles.
Sport Mag also made dual chain Puch/Peugeot 17″ wheels
1979-80 Indian AMI-50 Chief (color stripes, Sport Mag II “8 ray” wheels)
American Moped Associates was already proud that the Indian was American-designed. With it’s long bench seat, extra large 1.6 gallon gas tank, heavy weight carrying capacity, motorcycle type forks, and plenty of chrome it was an American moped. It was a pretty good frame with a classic moped design, functional and fun to look at. Now, with the USA-made Sport Mag II wheels, the product was almost living up to the company name, American Moped.
1979-81 Indian AMI-50 Chief (color stripes, Mira “snowflake” wheels)
Somehow the maker of the Indian moped changed from Merida Industry Company Ltd, in 1978-79, to Mira Enterprises Ltd, in 1980-81. But nothing physically changed on the bike except the ID plate. More about this will follow…
1980-81 Indian AMI-50 Chief (gold script, Mira “snowflake” wheels)
1981 Indian AMI-50 Chief (head logo, Mira “snowflake” wheels)
4. Indian Artwork – Advertisements
5. Other Indian Parts Sources
The Parts Store in Macomb, Michigan has many Indian moped parts. Here’s the link:
Here is a link to a Moped Army forum with some Indian manuals, articles, brochures, and parts sources:
6. Indian Gas Valve
The Indian gas valve is a female M16x1.5 thread, side mount, with on, off, and reserve. The supply ran out long ago in the late 1980’s. Here are some suggestions on how to adapt other valves, or repair the original one.
Substitutes: There are 16×1.5 vertical mount gas valves, for sale on the internet. They are for a 1970’s Honda Z50A Mini Trail, or a 1978-79 CX500, and other vintage Hondas. They fit and shut the gas on and off. But because they are mounted sideways three bad things happen: 1) there is no reserve capability, and 2) the side cover must be removed to reach the handle, 3) the handle or the valve gets kicked easy, and can break off and cause all the gasoline to spill out. Because of this safety concern, there are not any particular ones that Myrons Mopeds recommends.
7. Indian Gas Cap
The Indian gas cap is different from all other mopeds. It’s a 36mm quarter-turn type. Every other one is either 30mm or 40mm. The search for a substitute is ongoing…
8. Indian Magneto Service – Replace Points and Repair Wires
The three magneto wires exit through a hole in the aluminum case, at about the 2 o’clock position, surrounded by a rubber grommet. That is where they get flexed all of their lives. As the plastic wire insulation gets old, it gets hard and brittle, and then cracks. The places where the insulation cracks at then focus the flexing in to a small area, causing the copper strands to start breaking one by one. These wires were half broken and oxidized, just outside of the rubber grommet. They were repaired by cleaning the copper with steel wool, then soldering, then color coded shrink wrap. The repaired sections were placed on the inner side of the grommet, where they never have to flex, shown in photo 9 below.
Indian Points Replacement: This sequence shows how modern (1970’s) Bosch one-piece points will substitute for the earlier (1960’s) Bosch three-piece points. The pivot post unscrews from the stator plate. The modern points smooth post locates the pivot point precisely in the threaded hole.
These are the same points and condenser as Puch, Batavus, Sachs 505, etc, because the WTEMCO magneto is Bosch-compatible. The individual coils and stator plate do not interchange with Bosch. The timing angle of the points cam lobe in relation to the key groove, and the four magnets also have a timing angle in relation to the key groove. So many different Bosch flywheels will fit but only some will function.
Notes about Indian magneto substitution:
With the piston is parked at top dead center, the rod is in the 12 o’clock position, straight up in this view. The woodruff key for the magneto flywheel is in the 1:15 position, or about 38 degrees. A Puch 1-speed crank has the same size and taper, but the key in the 12:00 position. However, a Tomos crank does have the same size, taper and key position as an Indian. Too bad early Tomos magnetos are scarce because they get rusty from trapped water. 1996-2006 Tomos A35 CDI-ignition, with 70 watts of lights power, magnetos would substitute if the coil is changed to the Tomos A35 coil with CDI unit built-in.
Here is an Indian engine, minus head and magneto. Red arrow is crankcase vent. Right, close up of the fresh cylinder wall. You can see the reflection of the marks on the piston crown on the exhaust side (back) cylinder wall. A new Indian 42mm ring with a gap of only 0.007″ shows there is almost no wear.
9. Indian Owners Manual
Coming soon ….
Honda expanded it’s production into Belgium in the mid 1960’s, after the successful Honda 50 Cub sold well worldwide. Honda Belgium produced the P50 pedal moped from 1966 to 68, and then the PC50 moped from 1969 to 77. See the Wikipedia Honda P50, and Wikipedia Honda PC50 articles. Around 1975, when parts were also produced in Netherlands and Luxemburg, the name changed from Honda Belgium to Honda Benelux (for Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg). The successor to the PC50 four-stroke one-speed moped (later copied by Taiwan and called Indian) was the PA50 two-stroke variable speed moped, with way more take off and hill climbing power. The PA50 was produced from 1976 to 91. See below. Here is a brochure from 1965 showing the Honda Belgium product line:
The Honda PA50 Hobbit/Camino
The Honda PA50 pedal moped was produced at Honda Benelux from 1976 to 1991. The PA50 was called Camino in Europe, and Hobbit in the US. The PA50 Hobbit was sold in the US from 1978 to 1983. See the Wikipedia Honda PA50 article for more. Honda PA50 parts were originally only sold at Honda motorcycle dealerships, never at independent moped shops. So their leftover parts are mixed with Honda motorcycle leftover parts. A few things are interchangeable or available for or from other moped brands, like the Leleu 80mm French hubs and drum brakes.
The name Lazer was originally used for a 1977-78 moped, made in Taiwan by Jui Li, imported by North American Roosevelt Industries, with a Minarelli two-stroke engine. See Lazer (Taiwan) .
In the mid-2000’s the Lazer name was re-used for a 2007-later moped, made in China by Bashan, imported by SSR Motorsports in Norwalk CA, with a 4-stroke Chinese engine. SSR sells many off-road bikes, quads, and on-road scooters and mopeds. They have dealers across the US that sell their products, and parts. See SSR Motorsports.
Welcome. American made mopeds include AMF Roadmaster with McCullough friction drive rear engine, AMF Roadmaster with Minarelli V1 engine, Colombia Commuter, Imperial, Open Road with Sachs engines, Colombia Commuter, Open Road, and Mopet with Solo engines, Murray mopeds with Puch engines, and others. Many things are already offered in Parts/By Type.
E-Z Rider made in USA by Dialex Minarelli V1
Montgomery Wards department stores, mostly in the eastern US, sold the E-Z Rider moped from about 1979-1981, made by Dialex Industries, Inc. 123 S. Newman St. Hakensack, New Jersey 07671 USA. Read more about Wards mopeds in Italian moped parts. Scroll way down to Wards.
Wards/Dialex components: Minarelli V1 engine, CEV 6932 magneto, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carb, Grimeca 90mm hubs and brakes, Domino “70’s chrome” levers/controls, Peterson tail light, Stewart Warner head light and speedometer, Messinger solo seat, 2.25 x 16″ tires, plastic molded gas tank says “EZ Rider”
Pedalpower made by Puch (Austria) & Murray (USA) Puch 1-speed engine
Pedalpower made electric bikes, electric trikes, electric power chairs, and this 49cc gasoline powered moped, the Pedalpower G-200. It is identical to the Murray 8320 (solo seat, 30mph) and Murray 8315 (solo seat, 25mph), made by Puch.
Pivar Tri Ped made in USA by American Microcar Minarelli V1
Stuart Pivar was an American inventor in New York, New York, who designed, built, and patented this three wheeled moped in 1980. Then American Microcar Inc, in Farmingdale New York mass produced them. Some were electric but most came with a Minarelli V1 engine with pedals.
Pivar components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carburetor, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV “bullet” headlight, Grimeca hubs and brakes, Magura controls, Peterson tail light.
made by Pryer(USA) and Puch,Tomos,or BM various
Pryer is a trade name made up by Pryer Motorcraft, 4563 State Route 235, Ada Ohio 45810. Pryer is mostly known for their three wheeled mopeds (trikes). At least three different two-wheelers have been used to produce three-wheelers. Puch (Austria), Tomos (Yugoslavia), and Moto BM (Italy). The Italian (same as Gadabout) two wheel bikes were made in Bologna Italy, by Moto BM, and then converted into three wheelers in Ohio USA. Later Italian bikes were the Motomarina Raven kind. Various options were offered.
After late 1992, some 1992-93 Tomos two-wheelers were converted into three-wheelers by Pryer, in the USA. The seat and everything behind it, the swinging rear frame, axles, brakes, wheels, etc, was American-made, pretty much. Everything forward of the seat was Slovenian-made, pretty much. There were different choices for the cargo box. Hot food, cold food, flat bed, or a small frame version with either a basket or a locking box. Because a Tomos automatic moped starts easy, with a backwards kick, even stationary with the rear tires on the ground, they make the best choice for a heavy-cargo trike. Other moped trikes with Puch or Minarelli engines must first get the trike moving forward above 7mph to start the engine.
made in USA by Mopeds Midwest Puch or Tomos
Tri-Rad is a trade name made up by Mopeds Midwest (MM), 320 Main St, Ames Iowa 50010.
At the time these were considered bicycles, so they could motor to the beach, turn the engine off, and pedal down the boardwalk selling ice cream or pizza. Too bad the deluxe three wheeled moped, with differential drive, and hot/cold food box, costed more than some automobiles! That was the only thing that was not three times as rad.
Welcome. Myron’s Mopeds carries some parts for General, Grycner, Angel, Speed Bird, AMS, Lazer mopeds and other late 1970’s to mid 1980’s Taiwanese compatibles. Many things are already offered in Parts/By Type.
Taiwan mopeds were imported into the United States in the late 1970’s surge of consumer demand. It was common for small companies to order one container with about 100 units. You could order them with your own choice of decals, or blank, or with their default names, like “Speed Bird”. Even the owners manuals, which were made by the manufacturers, were available either with the brand name of your choice, or blank, where you put your own labels.
Many of the Taiwan mopeds sold in the United States were from the Los Angeles area, because of the Port of Los Angeles, the busiest container port in the US, and because it’s the closest port to Taiwan. Most of the lower price Taiwan mopeds, like Moprix, Speed Bird and Wheel King were sold in the urban part of Los Angeles. The opposite of those was the General brand, the high end of Taiwan mopeds, with the highest quality.
Taiwan components are similar and sometimes exact copies of Japanese items, particularly Honda. More will follow later about Taiwan component families, and Asian versus European design philosophy and practices. Basically Asian mopeds are made like scaled down motorcycles, European mopeds are made like scaled up bicycles. That’s an oversimplification.
AMS was made by Her Chee Industrial Co., Ltd, 2 Yikung 1st Rd, Yichu Industrial Area, Yichu Hsiang, Chiayi Hsien, Taiwan, ROC. Her Chee began in 1978 making “moped bikes” with their own brand name “AMS” (Adly Moped and Scooter). In 1985 they switched to making scooters, kid’s motorcycles and ATVs with their new brand name “Adly Moto”. The moped importer was A.M.S. Imports, 923 Moana West, Reno Nevada 89509, or 1110 S Wells Av, Reno NV 89502. AMS mopeds were the Sierra 50 (Sachs 505/1D 1-speed auto, step thru), Tahoe G1 (Sachs 505/1D 1-speed automatic top tank), Tahoe G2 (Sachs 505/2D 2-speed manual grip shift, top tank) made from 1979 to 1984. The AMS Tahoe was a copy of an earlier Peugeot Sport top tank moped, just like the Lazer Sport 50 and the General 5 Star.
AMS components: Sachs 505/1D engine (higher torque than 505/1A), Bing Sachs carburetor, 85% the same as General 5 Star, except: controls are slightly different – lever blades are bigger, hubs and brakes are way bigger, rims are slightly wider, turn signals are smaller, cover screws are different size, M6 not 5?.
Clinton made in Taiwan by Jui Li Sachs 505/1A
Clinton was imported by Clinton Engines Corporation, Clark & Maple Streets, Maquoketa, Iowa 52060 USA. The Clinton 50-A is the same as General 5 Star ST, Grycner Floozie, AMS Sierra 50, and perhaps more. Clinton was made by by Jui Li Enterprise Co. Ltd, 22 Konan Rd, Jenwu Hsiang, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Condor made in Taiwan by ? engine ?
Condor was imported by G.M.E. Company, Inc, 15671 Industry Lane, Huntington Beach, CA 92649 USA.
This bike appears in the 1981 Moped Buyers Guide, and nowhere else, not even in the thousands of mopeds pictured in the Moped Army Photo Gallery.
This moped is an exact copy of a German-made Hercules/Sachs Balboa/Suburban. Even the diamond shape Hercules logo is embossed into the head light mounts, except without the letter “H”. The brand name on the gas tank is “Crown”. The model name on the side panels is “DYM – 1D”
There was no ID plate so the date is estimated to be 1979-1980. It does not have any DOT approval markings.
The rims are Dong Yang. Hubs look like Grimeca, or an excellent copy. Head light is CEV. Speedo is VDO. Exhaust is Sachs copy, stamped left and right halves welded down the center line.
The Cuyler C-1A “Get Around” was imported by Cuyler Corporation, 2501 Devon Ave, Elk Grove, IL 60007 USA. It is the same as Wheel King, Road Runner, and possibly others.
Gemini Commander made in Taiwan by Gemini Gemini engine
Gemini Commander is an original design, frame and engine. There were many problems, and improvements needed to be done, especially the clutch. The original factory parts for the engine were in Gemini packaging.
Grycner made in Taiwan by Jui Li Sachs 505-1A foot brake
Grycner is the name of the US importer/distributor, Grycner Motors, Palm Springs, California USA . Grycners were made from 1978 to 1979 by Jui Li Enterprise Co. Ltd, 22 Konan Rd, Jenwu Hsiang, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan, R.O.C. Jui Li only produced mopeds. Grycner Floozie is a step thru with a Sachs 505 engine, foot brake, identical to a General 5-Star ST. Grycner was replaced by General in 1979.
Jui Li made in Taiwan by Jui Li Sachs 505-1A engine
Jui Li Honey 50, made in 1978 to 1979, is the same as General 5 Star ST, Grycner Floozie, and very similar to AMS Sierra 50. Clinton 50-A.
Moprix made in Taiwan by ?? Tas engine
Moprix was made in Taiwan by Pou Yen Mechanical, and imported by Moprix, 616 Santa Monica Blvd, Santa Monica, California 90401 USA. The engine is a Tas BE-48 (Tanaka Kogyo Co. Ltd, Japan). See Sprinter below. Moprix also made an electric moped, way different from the Tas gasoline engine model. See buyers guides p56.
There was a Speed Bird with a Tas engine, identical to the Moprix.
Here is a rare 1980 Moprix top tank moped, made by Pou Yen. It has the same Tas BE-48 engine and components as the step thru model shown above. The top tank gas valve is a 14 x 1 thread.
This Taiwan made Moprix is different. It has a Casal M140 1-speed automatic engine, made in Portugal. It looks partially like a Honda PA50.
Besides this “Moprix Casal” there was a “Sprinter Casal”. It was a way different, a re-branded Gemini Commander.
Motobecane made in Taiwan by Paijifa MB 50V copy
This very close copy of a 1979 French-made Motobecane is made by Paijifa Industrial Co. Ltd., 109 Liou Ho 1st Rd, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC. Paijifa made motorcycles and motorscooters.
Oakwood made in Taiwan by Pou Yen Minarelli V1 engine
The 1979 Oakwood Catalina is made by Pou Yen Mechanical Co, 5 Kuochi Rd, Hsinshis Hsiang, Tainan, Taiwan . It is not like any other Taiwan moped. It is rare, but not valuable. It shares the same componentry as other Taiwan mopeds. Of course, the Italian made Minarelli engine is very common, as is the Dellorto SHA carburetor.
made in Taiwan by TYM Angel engine
Speed Bird is a trade name for a Taiwan moped made by T.Y.M. Industrial Co. Ltd, 554 Chung Cheng Rd, Yongkang Hsiang, Tainan Hsien, Taiwan, ROC, The Speed Bird BP-48 and BP-48S models have the same TYM (Batavus M48 copy) engine as the Angel AP-48, also wheels, and other things.
There is also a Speed Bird with a Tas BE-48 engine (Tanaka Kogyo Co. Ltd, Japan). The “Tas Speed Bird” is exactly the same as the Moprix. See Moprix above.
Sprinter made in Taiwan by Tsing Hua Tas or Casal engine
Sprinter was imported and distributed by Sprinter Mopeds, 1 Syme Ave, West Orange, New Jersey 07052 USA. In the western US they were distributed by Southern California Sprinter, 2798 Waxwing Cir, Costa mesa California 92626. Sprinter made at least two different models, a “Tas Sprinter” and a “Casal Sprinter” The Tas Sprinter shown below had a Tas (Tanaka Kogyo Co. Ltd, Japan) BE-48 engine. The Casal Sprinter was a re-branded Gemini Commander with a Casal (Portugal) M140 engine. See Gemini above.
made in Taiwan by Tsing Hua Sachs 505-1A
The rear half this frame is the same as the rear half of the Sprinter frame.
made in Taiwan by Wheel King Sachs 505-1A
Wheel King is a Taiwan moped with 2.25 x 16″ tires and a Sachs 505 engine. The Wheel King, Road Runner, and Cuyler brands of this same bike are made by Wheel King Corp. Taiwan R.O.C. Wheel Kings were imported and distributed by T. & J. Moped, Inc, 3518 Firestone Blvd, South Gate, California 90280 USA. Their excellent owners manuals did not say who the manufacturer was. Some were completely blank, where you would put your own brand name on the cover, and some said CUYLER.
T. & J. Moped, Inc was a formed by Ted Van Der Kolk Sr, and John Cochran. Ted Van Der Kolk, the original “Flying Dutchman” grew up in the Netherlands. He had a moped shop there, as well as souvenir shops in the Dutch West Indies, before moving to California in 1972. Ted was already selling Sparta mopeds and bicycles in the Netherlands. His shop in Glendale, just north of Los Angeles, was open from 1972 to 1991. John Cochran worked for Ted Van der Kolk for awhile, fixing and selling mostly Flying Dutchman mopeds. John Cochran then later formed is own shop, T. and J. Inc, at 3518 Firestone Blvd, South Gate CA 90280, just south of Los Angeles. Later T and J became Moped City, a few doors down, South Gate California. Most of the Flying Dutchmans in Southern California came from those three shops. Besides teaming up with Van Der Kolk, John Cochran made one of the first moped expansion chamber exhausts, and employed Carlos Rodriquez as main mechanic at Moped City. John Cochran died in 2004. The “Flying Dutchman”, Ted Van Der Kolk, Sr is alive, as of Sep 2013, but in his nineties.
Wheel King’s 16″ wheels and “tubone” frame are like many Italian mopeds. No other Taiwan moped has those Italian features.
These Wheel King original parts were all from the same red bike at left, before it was repainted and many of the rusted things replaced with fresh but different ones.
Italian Mopeds are all very similar and use many of the same component parts.
Myrons carries most parts for the Italian components:
Dellorto SHA14/12 carburetor, Domino controls, PV controls, CEV magneto (most), Dansi magneto (Morini), CEV lights and electrical parts, Grimeca wheels with 90mm brakes (most), Bernardi aluminum wheels (some), CEV, Huret, or Veglia speedometer parts. Plus universal items like spokes, chains, shocks, cables, tires, tubes, spark plugs, coils, bulbs, bearings, axles, nuts, bolts, connectors, wires, fuel line, gas valves, gas caps, handlebars, grips, pedals, crank arms, sprockets, freewheels. These are in Parts/By Type/
Some of the more universal engine parts, like pistons, piston parts, rings, cylinder studs are in Parts/By Type/Engine Top End, while crank nuts, woodruff keys, bearings, seals, are in Parts/By Type/Engine Bottom.
The Minarelli-specific or Morini-specific engine parts, like cylinders, heads, clutches, transmission gears or shafts, cases, case and trans cover gaskets, crankshafts, and a multitude of small engine parts, are in Parts/By Brand/Minarelli or Parts/By Brand/Morini Engine.
These are the Miscellaneous Italian Moped Brands, not in the By Brand menu. Two major Italian brands are not here, but instead are on the By Brand menu. Garelli and Vespa. Many minor Italian brands are also in the menu, not here. Baretta, Benelli, Bianchi, Cimatti, Concord, Cosmo, Demm, Gadabout, Gitane, Intramotor, Italjet, LEM, Malaguti, Motobecane (Italy), Moto Guzzi, Motomarina, Motron, Negrini, Pacer, Rizatto, Safari, Testi, Wards Riverside
1. Use the color bike pictures to verify your year, make, model, version
2. Use the b&w info sheets to learn about the part: make, type, size, etc.
3a. Semi-Universal Parts: Then leave here and go to Parts/By Type to find it.
3b. Brand-Specific Parts: Scroll down to the brand(s) below to find it.
Arciero made in Italy by Italtelai Morini MO-1 or Mo-2 engine
Arciero is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia, but Italtelai is. Italtelai began in 1972, and means “Italian frames”. They made chassis for Arciero, Bianchi, Pacer, Portofino, Snark, and other US export models. They all used Motori Morini Franco engines and Spisni Franzoni forks. 1970’s engines were Morini MO-1 (or MO-2 optionally). 1980’s was Morini M1.
Arciero components: Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Grimeca hubs and 90mm brakes, Dansi magneto, Huret speedometer with LH driver. Gas cap for “monotrave” is clamp-on pop-up, for step thru is 30mm push-in or 30mm qtr-turn, for top tank is 40mm qtr turn wide wing.
Italvelo is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia. Italvelo makes Aspes, Italvelo, Bianchi, Snark, Velomec step-thru mopeds.
Aspes components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (30mph) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV or Veglia? speedometer with LH driver. Gas cap is 30mm push-in.
Benvenuti made in Italy by Lem Motor Morini MO-1 engine
Benvenuti is an Italian surname that also means welcome. The Lem-made Benvenuti Fabrizio A1 chassis is the same as Lem Pratikal, Safari Cobra, Safari 300, Safari MZVand F. Morini Chembol.
Benvenuti components: Monotrave aka “tubone” type frame, Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and “round chrome” switches, OSL aluminum “finger bumps” levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, Dansi magneto.
Beta made in Italy by Beta Beta 1-speed engine
Beta was formed in the early 1900’s in Florence Italy, by Guiseppe Bianchi, a famous bicycle racer and entrepreneur. Originally it was called “Societe Guiseppe Bianchi”, and made bicycles. Later in the 1940’s when production of motorcycles began, the company was renamed “Beta”, after Bianchi, Enzo and Tosi, Arrigo, the chief officers at the time. Beta is still making motorcycles, mostly off road trials bikes.
Beta components: 25mph or 17mph engine versions, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (25mph) or SHA14/9 (17mph) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Domino wrap-around throttle, Grimeca hubs and 90mm brakes, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
made in Italy by Fantic Motor Minarelli V1 or V1-L
See above, Concord is made by Fantic. The Concord Shadow is the same as a Fantic Pepi Sport. The Concord Invader is the same as a Fantic Issimo. American sounding names versus Italian sounding names, helps sell the product.
Fantic components: (1979-later) Minarelli V1-L (late V1) engine 20(1.0hp), 25(1.5hp), 30mph(2.0hp) versions, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV “pancake” head light, CEV “diamond” switches, Domino chrome controls and levers, Grimeca aluminum mag wheels and 90mm drum brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, Veglia? speedometer with RH driver, and reflectors.
Model P48 Pettirosso, means “Redbreast”
F.B.M. Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli, made this older (pre 1970’s) moped engine. It is included here because the name sounds like another Italian make, F.M.B.
F.M.B. Fabbrica Motocicli Bologna Telaimotor, made motorcycle frames, such as the Yankee Peddler (see below).
Fabbrica Motoveicoli S.P.A. (Motor vehicle Factory) was at Via Parini 3, Barzago 22061 (CO) Italy. These are Euro models that lack brake light wires and side reflectors. Frame is a monotrave (mono beam) type, 16 x 2.25″ tires, 106lbs. Engine is due tempi (two stroke) 40 x 39mm, 9:1 comp ratio, CDI ignition, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carb. Gary Uno is monomarcia (one speed). Gary Due is due marce automatiche (two speed automatic), with pedals. Gary Due Special has kick start, turn signals, extras.
Gilera was founded in Arcore, Italy in 1909 by Giuseppe Gilera. After four decades of making motorcycles, in the 1950’s Gilera had the technical expertise to win the 500cc motorcycle world championship 6 times in 8 years. In 1969, Gilera was purchased by Piaggio.
Gilera motorcycles were sold in the US, as a Sears brand in the 1960’s. Gilera mopeds, with pedals, were never sold in the US. These “sport mopeds” at left were for England in 1973 to 1977, where there was no limit on power or speed or transmission gears, only 50cc with pedals. Many of those “sport mopeds” went 55 or 60mph. Wow!
The Vespa Grande, a US model, is 80% the same as a Gilera cbA, a Euro model, both made by Piaggio. The lights, electrical wiring, and long seat are the main differences.
These models are shown for information purposes. Myrons does not have parts for these, other than things that were on US model Vespa Grandes. Some of those parts have become scarce.
Italvelo made in Italy by Italvelo Morini MO-1
Italvelo is not in the Wheels of Italy Motorcycle Encyclopedia, perhaps because they made mostly bicycles. Italvelo made Aspes, Bianchi, Snark, Italvelo, Velomec step-thru mopeds. The list grows…
Italvelo components: Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carburetor, Grimeca hubs, brakes, 11mm axles, CEV lights and switches, PV controls, Huret speedometer with LH driver.
made in Italy by Itom Itom 1-speed engine
Itom stands for Industria Torinese Meccanica. They made quality 50 to 125cc motor bikes from 1948 to 1975 near Turin, Italy.
This beautiful Itom Automatic Lusso moped is a “Euro model” because does not have US DOT brake light, side reflectors, bright head light, and electric horn.
Lambretta made in Italy by Innocenti Innocenti 1-spd engine
Maico made in Italy by Bimotor – Moto Bimm Minarelli V1
Maico is a trade name used by importer/distributer M.P.I. A true Maico is German-made, usually a motocross or trail bike. Maico mopeds are made by Italy by Moto Bimm.
Moto Bimm was founded in 1965 by Jose Becocci in Florence, Italy. They produced off-road motorcycles from 50 cc through 125 cc using Minarelli engines. Later there were sport bikes and mopeds with various small engines. The Maico moped is one, famously known as the Billo in Italy. Sometime in the 1970’s Moto Bimm became Motori Bimm and then Bimotor, which lasted until 1980. Note that “Moto Bimm” is not Moto BM (Bonvicini Marino) and “Bimotor” is not Motobi (Benelli). The names are all similar.
Maico components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino controls and levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
made in Italy by LEM Motor Morini MO-1 or MO-2
Lem Motor makes the F. Morini line, a trade name made by the importer and US distributor, Herdan Corporation, Port Clinton, PA. Long lasting Herdan (aka Hermy’s) is still in business importing Italian motorcycle parts and accessories. Note that F. Morini is NOT the engine maker, Franco Morini Motori, nor the world famous motorcycle maker, Moto Morini.
The F. Morini Chembol (Lem Pratikal) and the Safari 300MT, Safari Cobra, and Safari MZV have the same frame, fork and fenders. See Lem above.
The F. Morini Chembol Mini (Lem Pizeta) is the same as ?
F. Morini Components: Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 or 14/9 carburetor, clamp-on pop-up gas lid, 10 x 1 male gas valve, 12 tooth front sprocket (this version does), and a all-cast iron cylinder (unlike most which are iron sleeve with aluminum fins). The red one with solo seat has PV levers with black plastic blades and Grimeca wheels, while the green one with long seat has Domino levers/controls with chrome lever blades and Bernardi wheels.
Moto Meteora made in Italy by Moto Meteora
Moto Meteora began in 1953 in Monteveglio, Bologna, Italy. They made lightweight motorcycles with 50 to 125cc OMS and NSU engines. In the early 1980’s they made mopeds with Franco Morini engines, such as the Motomarina Sebring. They closed around 1990.
Moto Meteora components: Minarelli M4 50cc 4-speed shifter engine, Grimeca hubs, CEV electrics. What other “tubone” is it the same as?
1977 Silver Foxi
Silver Foxi made in Italy by Testi Minarelli V1 engine
The Silver Foxi, made by Testi, is one of four marketing names made by United Moped. The others are “Foxi GT” by Sparta (Holland), “Foxi Deluxe” by KTM (Austria) and “Foxi 47″ by Jui Li (Taiwan). The Silver Foxi is a monotrave frame, compatible with the Gitane Cricket, and the Testi Cricket.
Silver Foxi components: Minarelli V1 engine 20(1.0hp), 25(1.5hp), 30mph(2.0hp) versions, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, PV controls and levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV or Veglia speedometer with LH driver.
Snark made in Italy by Italvelo or Italtelai Minarelli or Morini
Snark is a fictional animal in the Lewis Carroll nonsense poem, “The Hunting of the Snark”. It was a trade name made up by Snark Moped, Inc, 300 Milik St, Carteret, New Jersey 07008. The Snark Satellite and Bianchi Satellite, made by Italtelai, are the same as Pacer Super Sport and Arciero top tank mopeds, all with Morini Franco Motori engines. Left, the Snark Standard (bottom blue) and the Snark Deluxe (top red), with Minarelli V1 engine, are made by Italvelo. A Snark Deluxe is the same as a Bianchi Stardust. See Bianchi above.
Snark components: Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, Domino chrome levers/controls, Dansi magneto, CEV electrics, Grimeca hubs with 90mm drum brakes, 11mm axles, CEV speedometer (Huret on top tank) with LH driver.
Velomec is a trade name that is not on any list (except this one). The maker Italvelo is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia. See Italvelo above. Italvelo makes Aspes, Italvelo, Bianchi, Snark, Velomec mopeds.
Velomec components: Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 or 14/9 carburetor, Grimeca hubs, brakes, 11mm axles, CEV lights and switches, PV controls, Huret speedometer with LH driver.
made in Italy by Spisni Lino Morini MO-1
West Wind is a trade name made by the importer/distributor, American Moped Inc (AMI), who also imported the Indian 4-stroke, (before Derbi/Leone). It has a “tubone” style frame (thick tube with gasoline inside).
West Wind components: Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/9 carburetor, Domino chrome levers/controls, Dansi magneto, CEV electrics, Grimeca Razze Incrociate style mag wheels with 90mm drum brakes, 11mm axles, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
made in Italy by FMB Telaimotor Minarelli V1 engine
FMB Telaimotor Fabbrica Motocicli Bologna Telaimotor (Bologna Motorcycle Factory that makes motor Frames) was one of the myriad companies in and around Bologna, Italy through the ’50s to the ’80s that specialised in building their own chassis. FMB was based at 38 Via Fossolo, but sadly now there’s a company building lab equipment instead. FMB should not be confused with FBM (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli). FMB made chassis and nearby FBM made engines.
Yankee Peddler components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carburetor, CEV “console” switches, CEV lights, CEV 6932 magneto, Grimeca hubs, 11mm axles and 90mm drum brakes, CEV speedometer with LH driver, 40mm push in gas cap.