Columbia

July 3, 2015
1886 Columbia Bicycle Ad

1886 Columbia Bicycle Ad

Columbia  made in USA by Columbia  Sachs or Solo engine

Columbia is one of America’s best and oldest bicycle makers.

1913 Pope (Columbia) racer

1913 Pope (Columbia) racer

From the days of true horse power, their bicycle was “an ever saddled horse which eats nothing”. Colombia and Montgomery Ward mopeds are made by Colombia Manufacturing Company, Division of MTD Products Inc, One Cycle Street, Westfield MA 01086

Columbia has been credited with many firsts in the biking industry, since its founding in 1877 by Col. Albert Pope. It has pioneered many improvements to the industry, producing bikes, motorbikes, and furniture for nearly 150 years. Here is the Columbia Manufacturing Inc website, history page. http://www.columbiamfginc.com/columbia_history.html

 

Info Columbia 1

Columbia Info Sheet, from 2003 MM Encyclopedia
Models made with Columbia stickers are 2200 series.
Models made plain for re-branding are 8200 series.
3-digit Mopet models are late 1980’s re-makes/clones.

Colum  plain  Mopet            Model List
model model model speed  engine  frame   notes
2220  8220  281  25mph Sachs  sheet  36900-7
2221  8221  280  20mph Sachs  sheet  36902-7
2222  8222  282  30mph Sachs  sheet  soft tail

2240  8240  341  25mph  Solo  tubular  soft tail
2241  8241  340  20mph  Solo  tubular  soft tail
2242  8242  342  30mph  Solo  tubular  soft tail

2250  8250         25mph  Solo  tubular  hard tail
2251  8251         20mph  Solo  tubular  hard tail
2252  8252         30mph  Solo  tubular  hard tail

2260  8260         25mph Sachs tubular  solo seat
2261  8261         20mph Sachs tubular  solo seat
2262  8262         30mph Sachs tubular  solo seat

2270  8270         25mph Sachs tubular  long seat
2271  8271         20mph Sachs tubular  long seat
2272  8272         30mph Sachs tubular  long seat

2280  8280         25mph Sachs tubular  top tank
2281  8281         20mph Sachs tubular  top tank
2282  8282         30mph Sachs tubular  top tank

1979 Colombia Commuter Brochure

Columbia Brochure Jan 1979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 Colombia Brochure 2240, 2250

1979-80 Columbia 2240 and 2250
tube frame, Solo engine

1979 Colombia Brochure 2220

1979-80 Columbia 2220
sheet metal frame, Sachs engine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columbia Owners Manuals list all model numbers on the front cover.

Owners Manual 2220 2221 8220 8221 36900 36902

Owners Manual 2240 2241 2242 2250 2251 2252

Owners Manual 2240 2241 2242 2250 2251 2252

Owners Guide 2260 2261 8260 8261

Owners Guide 2260 2261 8260 8261

Owners Guide 2281 2280 2282

Owners Guide 2281 2280 2282

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columbia Parts Price List

Columbia Parts Price List

Owners Guide Mopet 280 281 282

Owners Guide Mopet 280 281 282

Owners Guide Mopet 340 341 342

Owners Guide Mopet 340 341 342

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ColumbiaColumbia Sheet Metal Frame with Sachs engine

 

America’s first moped, is also Shaun’s favorite. Hats off to Columbia! This is a well made, long lasting, economical, safe, and fun bike, very strong and sturdy but not heavy. Definitely one of the Top Ten Mopeds of the 1970’s. Can you dig it?

1976 Colombia Easy Rider

’76 Colombia Easy Rider

1976 Colombia Easy Rider right side

’76 Colombia Easy Rider

1976 Columbia ID plate

1976 Columbia ID plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1976 Columbia Ad

1976-77 Columbia Ad

1977 Columbia Commuter

’77 Columbia Commuter

1977 Columbia Commuter

’77 Columbia Commuter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 Columbia Commuter late 1977 with 1978 lights

’77 Columbia Commuter
(1978 lights)

1978 Columbia Commuter

’78 Columbia Commuter
(1977 paint & stickers)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 Colombia Commuter

’78 Columbia Commuter

1978 Columbia Commuter

’78 Columbia Commuter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 Columbia Commuter

’79 Columbia Commuter

1979 Columbia Commuter

’79 Columbia Commuter

1980 Columbia Commuter silver

’80 Columbia Commuter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Western FlyerYard-ManRe-Branded Columbia’s: Western Flyer, Imperial, Yard-Man

1978 Columbia Western Flyer

1978 Western Flyer

1977 Mo-trek Yardman

1978 Yard-Man Mo-Trek

1978 Colombia Imperial

1978 Imperial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 Columbia Imperial

1979 Imperial

1979 Mo-trek Yardman

’79 Yard-Man Mo-Trek

Western Flyer is the brand name of Western Auto Stores products, like bicycles, motorbikes, toy wagons, scooters, etc. In the 1950’s, Western Flyer bicycles equipped with Whizzer motors were sold there. That was the original-and-all-American moped. See Whizzer.

Yard-Man is the brand name of MTD Products (which owned Columbia). They made (and still do make) lawn mowers, power equipment, small motorscooters (1960’s) and mopeds (1970’s).

 

 


MopetRe-Made Columbia: KKM Mopet

1980s KKM Mopet

1988 KKM Mopet

 

1989 KKM Mopet

1989 KKM Mopet

1990 KKM Mopet

1990 KKM Mopet

 

 

 

 

 

 

KKM Enterprises,  405A Old Gallia Pike, Franklin Furnace, OH 45629, in 1987, bought the rights, procedures and equipment needed to make Columbia mopeds, both the stamped sheet metal kind, and the tube frame kind. From 1987 to the mid 1990’s they re-made Columbia’s that were all called Mopet. 

KKM VIN Info

KKM VIN Info

KKM VIN Info: KKM mopeds were made after 1980, and thus were required to have the 17-digit Vehicle Identification Number and other requirements that the Columbia mopeds did not have.
Digit 1 is the Country, 4 = USA 
Digit 2,3 are the Maker, 33 = KKM Enterprises
Digit 4 is the Line, A = Frame A, B = Frame B (tube or sheet, don’t know which)
Digit 5 is the Type, A = two wheel, B = three wheel
Digit 6 is the Engine Maker, S = Sachs, M = Minarelli, L = Solo, R = Morini 
Digit 7 is Engine Model, 2 = Sachs 505 1D, 1 = Sachs 505 1A 
Digit 8 is Hub Type, C = cast 105mm, B = pressed 105mm, A = pressed 90mm

Digit 9 is check digit 
Digit 10 is Model Year, J = 1988, K = 1989, L = 1990

Based on this and the photo of the red 1988, it’s VIN is 433AAS2CxJxxxxxxx, where x is any.


Columbia Sheet Metal Frame Parts List

Columbia sheet metal frame Parts List non-engine

Columbia sheet metal frame Parts List non-engine

 

 


SachsColumbia Tube Frame, Solo or Sachs enginesolo

This kind of Columbia has a frame made from one large main tube. The gas tank is the frame, just like the stamped sheet metal kind.

1980 Colombia Commuter

1980 Columbia Commuter
tube frame, Solo engine

1980 Columbia Commuter tube frame, Peugeot 102 engine

1980 Columbia Commuter
tube frame, Peugeot 102 engine

1980 Columbia Medallion tube frame, Sachs 505 engine

1980 Columbia Medallion
tube frame, Sachs 505/1D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Western FlyerRe-Branded Columbia’s: Open Road, Ward, Imperial, Western Flyer

Montgomery Ward Moped tube frame Solo engine

Montgomery Ward Moped, tube frame, Solo engine

1980 MW Open Road

1980 Ward Open Road
tube frame, Solo engine

Ward

 

 

Open Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980 Colombia Imperial tube frame, Sachs engine

1980 Columbia Imperial
tube frame, Sachs 505/1A

1981 Colombia Western Flyer tube frame, Sachs 505 engine

1981 Western Flyer Apache 3000
tube frame, Sachs 505/1D engine

Open Road was the brand name of Montgomery Ward stores bicycles and mopeds.

Western Flyer was the brand name of Western Auto Stores products, like bicycles, motorbikes, toy wagons, scooters, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


MopetKKM smallRe-Made Columbia: Mopet

1995 KKM Mopet tube frame, Solo engine

1993 KKM Mopet
tube frame, Solo engine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KKM Enterprises,  405A Old Gallia Pike, Franklin Furnace, OH 45629, in 1987, bought the rights, procedures and equipment needed to make Columbia mopeds, both the stamped sheet metal kind, and the tube frame kind. From 1987 to the mid 1990’s they re-made Columbia’s that were all called Mopet. See above for the KKM Vehicle ID Number info.

 

 

 


Columbia Tube Frame Parts List

Colombia MW Open Road Parts, non engine section

Columbia Tube-Frame-Moped Parts, non engine section

 

 


Columbia

German flag

Table of Specifications and Components

by Shaun Strahm, July 2015, from manuals, photos and actual parts

20 mph
Models
2221 Columbia Commuter
8221 Imperial, Western Flyer
36902-7 Yard-Man?
281 KKM Mopet
2261 2271 Columbia Commuter
8261 8271 Ward Open Road
2281 Columbia Medallion
8281 Western Flyer Apache 3000
2241 Columbia Commuter
2251 Columbia Commuter
341 KKM Mopet
25 mph
Models
2220 Columbia Commuter
8220 Imperial, Western Flyer
36900-7 Yard-Man?
280 KKM Mopet
2260 2270 Columbia Commuter
8260 8270 Ward Open Road
2280 Columbia Medallion
8280 Western Flyer Apache 3000
2240 Columbia Commuter
2250 Columbia Commuter
340 KKM Mopet
30 mph
Models
2222 Columbia Commuter
8222 Imperial, others

282 KKM Mopet
2262 2272 Columbia Commuter
8262 8272 Ward Open Road
2282 Columbia Medallion
8282 Western Flyer Apache 3000
2242 Columbia Commuter
2252 Columbia Commuter
342 KKM Mopet
Frame Columbia stamped sheet Columbia large single tube same
E N G I N E
Engine Sachs see Sachs Motor
Sachs 505/1A (20 and 25mph)
Sachs 505/1A (30mph '77-80)
Sachs 505/1D (30mph '80-93)
same Solo see Solo Motor
Solo 255, "20" clutch (20mph)
Solo 255, "25" clutch (25mph)
Solo 255, "30" clutch (30mph)
Sprocket
Teeth
11 x 48T (20mph)
11 x 42T (25 and 30mph)
same 11 x 57T
Exhaust
front pipe
751-0219 20mm ID (20 and 25)
751-0290 26mm ID (30mph)
same 2500372 22mm ID
Carburetor Bing see Carb/Bing
square type Ø12, Ø20 clamp
85/12/101 (505/1A '76-79)
main jet: 4.0mm #52
float needle: metal tip push-only
85/12/101A (505/1A '80-93)
main jet: 4.0mm #52
float needle: viton tip push-pull
85/12/104A (505/1D '80-93)
main jet: 4.0mm #58
same Bing see Carb/Bing
round type Ø10, Ø16 clamp
1/10/112 (all models)
float needle: viton tip push-pull
main jet: 3.5mm #58
E L E C T R I C A L
Magneto
Generator
Bosch Ø90 0212-124-040
5-wire anti-clockwise
same Bosch Ø90 0212-124-039
5-wire clockwise
Ignition
Wires
blue (points to coil) same same
Generator
Wires
yellow 6V 22w head light
green 6V 10w brake light
green/black - brake light ground
gray 6V 5W tail light
same same
HL Bulb 6V 18W 4.5" sealed beam same same
SL Bulb 6V 1.5W or 2W (7mm base) same same
BL Bulb 6V 10W (15mm base) same same
TL Bulb 6V 5W (15mm base) same same
Head
Light
CEV 2139 "bullet" ('76-77)
Peterson rectangular ('78-93)
Peterson "rectangular" same
Rear
Light
ULO "Superman" ('76-78)
ULO "late Superman" ('78-83)
ULO "late Superman" same
Left
Switch
CEV 8040.5 round chr. ('76-77)
Merit 343 rectangular chrome
Merit 343 rectangular chrome same
Right
Switch
CEV 8177 round chro. ('76-77)
Merit 342 rectangular chrome
Merit 342 rectangular chrome same
W H E E L S
Tires Carlisle 2.25-17 (21x2.25) same same
Rims Sun Metal 1.60-17 36-spoke same same
Spokes 185 x 2.6mm, 0.45 thread same same
Front Hub Grimeca stamped steel Ø105
sealed bearings, 35mm center
brake is on right, speedo on left
Columbia cast aluminum Ø105
sealed bearings, 28mm center
brake is on right, speedo on left
same
Rear Hub Grimeca stamped steel Ø105
sealed bearings, 35mm center
single chain
brake is on right, sprocket left
Columbia cast aluminum Ø105
sealed bearings, 28mm center
dual chain with freewheel threads
brake is on left, sprocket is on left
same
Brake
Shoes
Grimeca cast aluminum
105 drum diameter, 20mm wide
Columbia stamped steel
105 drum diameter, 20mm wide
same
Freewheel none none installed 18 tooth
F Axle hex bolt 1/2"-20 x 5.5" hex bolt M12-1.50 x 150mm same
Rear Axle hex bolt 1/2"-20 x 6.5" hex bolt M12-1.50 x 170mm same
Axle Nuts F & R: one - 1/2"-20 F & R: one- M12-1.5 same
Bearings F & R: 1/2" x 35 x 11 #6202-8 F & R: 12x28x8 #6001 same
Rear
Sprocket
Ø45.5, #420, 48T (20mph)
Ø45.5, #420, 42T (25 and 30)
Ø115, #415, 48T (20mph)
Ø115, #415, 42T (25 and 30)
Ø115, #415, 57 tooth
Chain #420 110 links (20mph)
#420 106 links (25 and 30)
#415 114 links (20mph)
#415 110 links (25 and 30mph)
#415 98 links
F R A M E
Gasoline 85-95 octane pump gas pre-mixed
with 2-stroke oil 50:1 or 2.5oz/gal
must mix in a gas can, not in tank
because tank is too long and thin
same
Gas Tank
Air Vent
none press to let air escape
when adding premix to tank
same
Gas Cap 30mm quarter turn, chrome 30mm push-in, hard rubber same
Gas
Valve
Karkoma M12x1 female
vertical valve in vertical position
straight reserve tube for vert mount
spigot right (left or down is OK)
Karkoma M12x1 female
vertical valve in horizontal position
curved reserve tube for side mount
spigot left
same
Saddle Messinger solo seat same same
Right
Control
Magura wrap-around throttle
folded aluminum front brake lever
plastic choke thumb trigger
same same
Left
Control
Magura
folded aluminum rear brake lever
small plastic starter lever
same same
Throttle
Cable
double ended 35.0" x ??.?"
top end = sideways barrel Ø5x8
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
double ended 37.0" x ??.?"
top end = sideways barrel Ø5x8
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
double ended 42.0" x 45.2"
top end = sideways barrel Ø5x8
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
Choke
Cable
single ended 37.4" x 39"
top end = none (Ø3x5 pinch bolt)
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
single ended 39.4" x 41"
top end = none (Ø3x5 pinch bolt)
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
double ended 42.0" x 44.0"
top end = sideways barrel Ø5x8
bottom = in-line barrel Ø3x5
Starter
Cable
single ended 32.0" x 38"
top end = none (pinch screw)
bottom = sideways step Ø5/Ø6x12
single ended 34.0" x 40"
top end = none (pinch screw)
bottom = sideways step Ø5/Ø6x12
single ended 37.0"x42.5"
top end = none (pinch screw)
bottom = mushroom end
F Brake
Cable
single ended 36.9" x 42"
top end = mushroom
bottom = none (Grimeca pinch bolt)
double ended 38.9" x ??.?"
top end = mushroom
bottom = S hook
same
R Brake
Cable
single ended 62.8" x 68"
top end = mushroom
bottom = none (Grimeca pinch bolt)
double ended 64.8" x ??.?"
top end = mushroom
bottom = S-hook
same
Speedo VDO 48mm diameter, not 60
40mph, M10x1 thread
same same
Speedo
Driver
VDO 1/2" hole, M10x1 thread
left side type, single finger tang
same same

Discussion

WELCOME. Columbia parts for sale are found in their various type categories. These are Sachs Motors, Solo Motors, Bing Carburetors, Bosch Magnetos, CEV headlights, Merit switches, ULO tail lights, VDO speedometers, Grimeca wheel parts, brakes, spokes, tires and tubes, Magura controls, chains, sprockets, cables, bearings, seals, engine hardware, pistons, gas valves, gas caps, pedals, pedal cranks, axle parts, seats, exhausts, steering, handlebars, grips, bulbs, forks, fenders, racks, covers, mirrors, etc. Use this table to specify or identify the item for your Columbia model. Then look for it in the Parts by Type menu. Some of the parts category web pages are finished, some are being constructed, and some are still blank. Please email Shaun with a question of a part that you cannot find. 

After days of studying “all” of the Columbia, Mopet and Montgomery Ward parts manuals, service manuals, owners manuals, brochures, photos from the internet, and many actual known parts, this is the result, concentrated and useful information, for you to use. Enjoy!

Notes

Sachs 25 and 30mph exhaust headers

Speed Versions – The only difference between a 25mph Columbia with a Sachs 505/1A engine, and a 30mph one, is the exhaust front pipe or header. The 30mph version is 28mm OD, and the 25mph one is 22mm OD.

Speed Versions – The only difference between a 20mph Columbia with a Sachs 505/1A engine, and a 25mph one, is the rear sprocket. The 25mph sprocket is 42 teeth, and the 20mph is 48 teeth.

#420 Rear Sprocket (on sheet metal frame models) is thicker than most moped sprockets. While most are 4.3mm thick, for #415 or 415H chains, the Columbia (sheet metal frame model) one is 5.5mm thick, for a #420 or 420H chain.

The 42T x 45.5 x 5.5 original sprocket can be replaced with a 42T x 41.5 x 4.3 Italian moped one, but the center hole has to be precisely cut 4mm bigger, on a lathe. Then the chain can be a 415 or 415H, like the front sprocket is.

#415 Rear Sprocket (on tube frame models) has a 115mm center hole, bigger than any other moped sprocket. That is because of the oversize 105mm drum brake that goes inside the sprocket. Having the brake and sprocket on the same side allows the opposite side to have a screw-on freewheel sprocket for a pedal chain.

Columbia Brakes

Columbia Brakes
Top, American type, Ø12 axle
Bottom, Italian type, 1/2″ axle

Columbia Brakes Swapped

Columbia brake shoes swapped

Brakes made in USA by Columbia are compatible with Grimeca brakes made in Italy. The cast aluminum Italian-made Grimeca brake shoes on the early 1976-78 sheet-metal-frame Columbias, directly replace the stamped steel American-made brakes on the monotube-frame and late 1978-80 sheet-frame Columbias. The USA made brake plates, cam shafts, lever arms, are also each interchangable with Grimeca items, but the axles are different 12.0 mm on the American type hub, and 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) on the Italian type Grimeca hub.  

 

Colombia Commuter 12x1 spigot down

Colombia (sheet frame)
replacement gas valve

Colombia Commuter 12x1 spigot down

Colombia (sheet frame)
replacement petcock

 

 

Gas Valve (sheet frame) is located on the left front, close to the decompression valve and start cable. The original had the hose spigot on the right, heading toward the carburetor. Although right is prefered, the replacement gas valve can have the hose spigot going down or left. Shown above is a “12×1 spigot down” replacement petcock, on a yellow Columbia.

 

Colombia (tube frame) 12x1 spigot left mounted sideways

Colombia (tube frame)
original gas valve

Colombia (tube frame) with 12x1 spigot left mounted sideways close up

Colombia (tube frame)
original gas valve
12×1 spigot L sideways

 

 

Gas Valve (tube frame) is located on the left rear, near the left pedal. It is shown (broken) above on a black Columbia. The handle lever gets kicked and broken easily. Care must be taken to not kick it when stepping through the frame.

 

 

 

Columbia Wiring Diagram
 internal ignition ground

Columbia wires close up

Columbia wires
(some disconnected)

Electrical: Columbia lights are completely separate from the ignition. Never will the engine die when the brakes are applied or when the brake light wires are loose, like on many other mopeds. Each of the lights has it’s own generator wire, so they are independent of each other. The 6V 22W AC yellow wire powers the head light, speedo light and horn, the 6V 10W AC green (and green/black) powers the brake light, and the 6V 5W grey wire powers the tail light. Those three lighting source coils, plus a fourth ignition source coil (perhaps 20 volts but not officially rated), comprise the “Bosch 6V 22-5/10” magneto-generator. 

 

 

The End