O Wirings: Odyssey

July 20, 2022

 

Odyssey Wiring: Odyssey mopeds and engines are made in Germany by Solo. They have German style wiring with separate generator wires for each light. Euro models have a Bosch 0212 005 011 80mm clockwise magneto. USA models have a Bosch 0212 124 039 90mm clockwise magneto. More to follow…


N Wirings: Negrini, NVT

July 20, 2022

 

Negrini Wiring: The wiring diagram is not in the owners manual by MMI. See Morini Wiring. What number is on the magneto flywheel determines one of two possible wiring schemes. See Morini Wiring and Dansi Magnetos.

 

NVT Wiring: NVT (Norton Villiers Triumph) mopeds and motorcycles are made in England. The Easy Rider ER1 and ER2 mopeds all use the Dansi 101286 magneto, according to the owners manual wiring. On that magneto/generator, the lighting coil is split into two concentric coils, one for brake light and horn (black wire), and one for head light, tail light, and speedo light (green wire). The other coil is ignition (red wire), with an internal ground, so it is isolated from the lights. 

NVT Easy Rider Wiring Morini MO1 or MO2 eng Dansi 101286 magneto internal ignition ground

NVT Easy Rider ER1,ER2, Morini MO1 or MO2 engine
Dansi 101286 magneto, internal ignition ground

 

 

 


M Wirings: Manet, Minarelli, Morini, Motobecane, Moto Guzzi, Motron, Murray

July 20, 2022

 

Manet Wiring: This is a mid to late 1990’s Puch remake, made in Hungary by Manet. It is better known as the “Puch Korado”. Some things, like the engine, are the same as Puch, but the electrical and wiring is all different. Like all the other all-AC modern (1990’s and later) mopeds, the Korado has all the lights on one wire, with a 12VAC shunt-type voltage regulator. Like everything modern, it has a completely separate and independent CDI (capacitor discharge ignition) system that in no way depends on the lights. The CDI has no pulser coil.

Manet/Korado also made the mid-to-late-1990’s Jawa remake. The wiring for that not currently available, but is expected to be close to this wiring and electrical equipment. 

Manet-Puch Korado 1995 made by Manet

Manet-Puch Korado
remake of ’86 Puch 1-sp
all lights 1 wire 12VAC
2-wire CDI magneto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minarelli Wiring: Most Italian mopeds, US models, that have Minarelli engines have this same wiring, functionally. Many have the same exact colors as well. There are at least 21 names: Aspes, Baretta, Bianchi, Cimatti, Concord, Fantic, Gadabout, Gitane, Intramotor, Lem, Maico, Motomarina, Motron, Pryer, Red Foxi, Safari, Silver Foxi, Snark, Testi, Yankee Peddler, and others. They all have the Minarelli V1 or V1L engine with CEV 6932 3-wire magneto with external ignition ground (blue wire) powering the brake light. Ground the blue wire first if there is no spark.

Minarelli Wiring Diagram for Testi/Gitane & others

Minarelli Wiring for Testi/Gitane & others

 

Morini Wiring: Franco Morini moped engines can have two possible Dansi magnetos. Which one it has is determined by a number stamped on the flywheel. Some Italian mopeds, US models, that have Morini engines have this same exact wiring. This “universal” wiring can be configured for either NC-in-series (for Dansi 101765 or 101732), or NO-in-parallel (for Dansi 101286 magneto) brake light switches. Most others wirings are functionally the same as one of these two versions. There are dozens of brand names: Arciero, Benvenuti, Bianchi, Colt, Cosmo, F. Morini (no relation to Franco Morini), Intramotor, Italjet, Italvelo, Italtelai, Lem, Malaguti, Motomarina, Motobecane, Negrini, Pacer, Snark, Velomec, West Wind, and others. Morini is only the engine name.  

Morini Wiring Diagram

Morini Wiring Diagram

Dansi magneto 101286 3-wire 2-coil
has normally open brake light switches in parallel
and an
internal ignition ground.

Dansi magnetos 101765 and 101732 3-wire 3-coil
have normally closed brake light switches in series
and an
external ignition ground that powers the brake light.

 

 

Motobecane Wiring: Two versions for USA model mopeds.

Early “6 volt” version: Before Jan 1978, Motobecane mopeds had a 2-coil Novi magneto, with an external ignition ground. The ignition assisted in keeping the lights bright, in a complex way.

Later “12 volt” version: After Jan 1978, Motobecane mopeds had a 3-coil Novi magneto, with an internal ignition ground. However, the ignition coil still needs at least one of the two neighboring lighting coils to be active. Amazingly, the lights not working can make it loose spark, even though they are not connected. It has to be from the magnetic field. The wiring is also complex.

Motobecane 6V Models 1974-1977 2-coil mag

Motobecane 6V, 1974-77 2-coil
3-wire Novi mag, external ign. gnd

Motobecane 12V 1978-80 3 coil mag

Motobecane 12V, 1978-80 3 coil
3-wire Novi mag, internal ign. gnd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euro version: They were much simpler. No brake light and less watts.

Motobecane 6V 1968 Euro model
internal ignition ground with external spark coil

 

 

Motobecane Sebring, Morini MO1 or MO2 eng.
Dansi 101765 magneto, external ignition ground

 

Moto Guzzi Wiring: There are two kinds of Moto Guzzi Robin. They have the same name but different frames and wiring. Moto Guzzi made a stamped sheet-metal frame model, called Chiù in Europe, and Robin in the US. They also sold a Robin with a mono-tube frame made by Seimm. Both kinds had the 1970’s Motobi (Benelli) moped engine, with a Dansi 3-wire magneto.

Moto Guzzi Robin (mono-tube) The mono-tube Moto Guzzi Robin is identical to a Benelli G2. The Dansi 3-wire magneto had an external ignition ground on the green wire. It must always be connected to ground to have spark.

Moto Guzzi Robin (sheet frame) The sheet frame Moto Guzzi Robin is the US version of Chiù. The Dansi 101441 3-wire magneto had an internal ignition ground. It would never loose spark because of loose brake light wires, but the lights are not as bright.

Moto Guzzi Robin (Chiù)
sheet frame, Benelli engine
Dansi 101441 magneto
internal ignition ground

 

 

Motron Wiring: Functionally the same as the “Minarelli Wiring”. 1978-79 had the CEV clamp-on plastic slide switches. 1980-81 had the CEV “diamond” switches integrated (fitted into) the Domino controls. 

Motron Wiring Diagram Minarelli V1 engine CEV 3-wire magneto external ignition ground

Motron Wiring Diagram
Minarelli V1 engine
CEV 3-wire magneto
external ignition ground

Motron Sliding Switches

Motron Sliding Switches
left,CEV 8188 lites & horn
rt, CEV 8189 engine stop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murray Wiring: Same as Puch Series B. Bosch 6-wire with external ignition ground powering the horn. Ignition, brake light, tail light, and head light all have separate source coils (armatures). Ground the blue/black wire first if there is no spark.

Murray Wiring (same as Puch)

Murray Wiring Diagram
Bosch 6-wire magneto
external ignition ground

 

 

 

 


L Wirings: Lazer

July 20, 2022

 

Lazer Sport 50 and General 5-Star have the same wiring, except for: 1) General has a steering lock key switch, that kills the spark and ungrounds the battery when the key is removed, 2) Lazer has an extra lt green/red ground wire, 3) Lazer battery is the smaller 6N2-2A, not 6N4B-2A. 

Lazer Sport 50 Wiring

 

Lazer Wiring Actual

Lazer Wiring Actual

Lazer Wiring Battery

Lazer Wiring – battery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These wirings are for the 1977 Lazer Sport 50, orange, top tank moped, made in Taiwan by Jui Li. They are not for the 2000’s Lazer 4-stroke mopeds, made in China by Bashan. That is a completely different “Lazer”. 

Lazer Battery Versions: All Lazers use a 6N2-2A small 6 volt battery. Modern replacement batteries have different wires than the original batteries did. See section “B” about Battery Wires.

 

 


K Wirings: Kinetic, Korado, Kreidler, Kromag, KTM, Kynast

July 20, 2022

 

Kinetic Wiring: Kinetic TFR, Luna TFR, Magnum, and TFR-USA are modern 1990’s-2000’s remakes of a 1970’s-80’s Italian made Vespa(Piaggio) pedal-start mopeds. They have modern electrical wiring, with all lights on one wire and a shunt type voltage regulator. So there is no battery, and no DC anywhere, only 12 volt alternating current. They have modern CDI ignition, no points. The Kinetic Pride is a scooter (with a floor and no pedals) with a battery, electric start, and a different wiring, not shown here.

Kinetic TFR moped and Magnum, TFR-USA 1980's Vespa remake 4-wire CDI magneto

Kinetic (moped) Wiring, India-re-make of a Vespa, 4-wire CDI magneto

 

Korado Wiring: The Korado is a Puch re-make, made by Manet. See Manet Wiring.

 

Kreidler Wiring: These wirings appeared only in the Kreidler owners manuals, in tiny unreadable print. Now they are deciphered and made easy to follow. Even the mysterious diodes are explained. These 3 took 14 hours to scan in and fix up. Because the US requires a brake light, and requires that the head light not get dim when the brake light is on, that is why they used diodes, for bright lights with less bulb burnout.

Kreidler MP9 (early) up to frame 2409540 Bosch 3-wire magneto external ignition ground

Kreidler Flory MP9(early)
up to frame 2409540
Bosch 3-wire 2-coil mag
external ignition ground

Kreidler MP9 (late) from frame 2409541 Bosch 3-wire magneto internal ignition ground

Kreidler Flory MP9 (late)
from about late 1977-on
frame 2409541 and up
Bosch 3-wire 3-coil mag
internal ignition ground

Kreidler MP19 Wiring turn signals & mag whls Bosch 4-wire 3-coil mag internal ignition ground

Kreidler Flory MP19
turn signals & mag whls
Bosch 4-wire 3-coil mag
internal ignition ground

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green/black wire explained: Many Bosch magnetos have a green and black wire that simply goes to ground. Did you ever wonder why they did not just ground it internally? The Kreidler Flory MP19 is one moped that uses the grün/schwarz wire the way Bosch intended it. The green and green/black are inputs to a full wave rectifier, which is the four diodes inside the turn signal power pack. It is for battery charging. If the green black were grounded, it would only be a half wave rectifier, and the battery charging would only be half as much.

 

Kromag Wiring: Kromag makes the Sears Free Spirit moped line. All Free Spirits have the same wiring and electrical equipment as 1977-78 Puch Maxi (6-wire). The blue/black horn wires need to be connected, or grounded in order to have spark. The external ignition ground is through the clamp of the light/horn switch. Wild!

Kromag/Sears Wiring Sears Free Spirit, uses Puch 1977-78 (6-wire) 6-wire Bosch magneto 1-speed 0212 124 043

Kromag/Sears Wiring, Sears Free Spirit (1-spd)
Puch 1977-78 (6-wire), external ignition ground

KTM (Foxi) Wiring: This wiring is functionally identical to Cimatti, with a hi-lo headlight, console type light and horn switch, external ignition ground running the brake light, and a secret toggle switch under the headlight. When that switch is in the forward position, the blue (external ignition ground) wire is grounded, and the engine will run, even with a burned out or disconnected brake light. When the switch is in the rear position, the brake light operates normally, where the engine dies when the bulb is removed and either brake is squeezed.  KTM Foxi mopeds have CEV 3-wire magnetos. Some of the later ones with 504/1D engines have Motoplat 3-wire magnetos.

KTM (US model Foxi) CEV or Motoplat magneto external ignition ground

KTM (US model Foxi), CEV or Motoplat magneto
external ignition ground

 

Kynast Wiring: 

Kynast Flying Dutchman Wiring Diagram

Kynast Flying Dutchman, Sachs 504/1A or 508/AD 
4-wire Bosch magneto, internal ignition ground

 

 


J Wirings: Jawa, JC Penney

July 20, 2022

 

Jawa Wiring: The original Jawa Babetta, with the famous red “Tranzimo” ignition unit (coil with electronic circuit) had 19″ rims was sold in Europe since 1972. Sometime after that the rims became 16″, and the model became also known as the “207”. Starting in 1976, American Jawa sold US versions of the model 207. They had brake lights and engine stop switches. The earliest US Jawa Babetta was the 1976-78 model 207-011, with big red Tranzimo ignition unit visible on the right side above the engine, with it’s high tech thyristor exposed on one end.

Jawa Babetta 1976-77 US model 207-011 4-wire star magneto with internal rotor Tranzimo CDI/coil

Jawa Babetta 1976-78, model 207.011 (0.9hp)
up to frame # 210999, 4-wire internal rotor mag
big red Tranzimo unit

Jawa Babetta 1976-77 Diag. by California Moped

Jawa Babetta 1976-78, model 207.011 (0.9hp), 4-wire int. rotor magneto, big red Tranzimo unit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1978, starting with frame number 211000, the official US model name changed from Babetta to 50 DL, the model number changed from 207.011 to 207.111, and more importantly, the “big red Tranzimo” thyristor ignition unit and stator changed to the newer “black box with separate metal-can-coil” thyristor ignition unit and stator.

Jawa Service Bulletin Aug 1981

Jawa Aug 1981
Service Bulletin 1
On pre-’79 Jawa, replace Tranzimo and stator assy.

Jawa 50 DL 1978-79 US model 207-111 4-wire int rotor mag black box CDI unit metal can-type coil

Jawa 50 DL 1978, model 207.111 (0.9hp)
frame 211000 to 249999, 4-wire int. rotor magneto 
black box thyristor unit, metal can-type spark coil
no eng stop switch shown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jawa Wiring Diagram no turn signals model

Jawa 50 DL 1978-79, no turn signals model
model 207.111 (0.9hp), frame 211000 to 249999
4-wire int. rotor magneto, black box + metal can
revised w/eng stop switch some new wire colors

Jawa Wiring Diagram for turn signal model

Jawa 50 DLX 1978-79, deluxe with turn signals
model 207.111 (0.9hp), frame 211000 to 249999
4-wire int. rotor magneto, black box + metal can

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1979, starting with frame number 250000, the USA models changed to the 207.300 series. The horsepower went up from 0.9 to 1.5. The carburetor changed from Jikov 9mm to Bing 12mm. But the wiring and electrical equipment stayed the same. 

In 1980-81, they had new model names, Jawa X30 (30mph 2hp?), X25 (25mph 1.5hp) and X20 (20 mph 1hp). The wiring did not change, but the tail light changed from Peterson to CEV.   

Jawa 50 DL 1979-80 model 207.311 C (1.5hp) model 207.311 DL (1.5hp) model 207.300 DLX (1.5hp) frame 250000 and up

Jawa 50 1979-80
207.311 C,DL,DLX
250000 – 349999
same wiring

Jawa 50 DL 1979-80 207.311 C, DL (1.5hp) 207.300 DLX (1.5hp) frame 250000-up

Jawa mopeds 1980-82
207.311 50C,DL 207.300 50 DLX, X20,X25,X30
frame no. 350000-up
4-wire int. rotor magneto
no head light switch

Jawa 207 Wiring Diagram no turn signals model

Jawa moped 207.305
no brake light (Euro)
no engine stop switch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In August 1981, American Jawa sent out it’s first service bulletin, telling dealers how to cure the Tranzimo ignition problems once and for all, by replacing with the newer black box thyristor type.

In 1983, an all-new model was indroduced, the Jawa 210. It had a two-speed instead of one speed transmission. It had a new frame and other improvements. In the mid 1980’s the 210 was made in sport and deluxe versions. The wiring did not change on the 210 models for the rest of the 1980’s.

In the late 1980’s, Jawa made models 225 (25mph), 230 (30mph), 230 Breeze (30mph mag wheels). They had 2-speed transmissions, and some minor wiring differences.   

 

Jawa 210 Wiring no turn signals model

Jawa mopeds 1983-91
210 series (2-speed)
no brake light (Euro)
no turn signals

Jawa 210 Wiring for turn signal model

Jawa mopeds 1983-91
210 series (2-speed)
with brake light (USA)
with CEV turn signals

Jawa mopeds 1985-91 225/230 series (2-spd)

Jawa mopeds 1985-91
225/230 series (2-spd)
with brake light (USA)
no turn signals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jawa Thyristor: Here is an excellent article on how to replace a burned out Jawa “black box”. There are just three components to buy and solder together, a thyristor, a capacitor, and a diode. Here is an even better article that shows in detail the ignition versions, upgrades, and individual thyristor component replacement options.  

In 1993, the country of Czechoslovakia split into Czech Republic and Slovakia. That was pretty much the end of the old Jawa. Then in the mid 1990’s, Jawa mopeds were re-made in Hungary at the Korado factory. The step thru models were called Babetta, while USA top tank models were called Jawa (1995 Sport, Supersport, Ultrasport). The re-make Jawa/Babetta wiring changed, to be like the 1995 Puch Korado, made in Hungary by Manet, with one wire for all lights and a 12VAC shunt type voltage regulator. See Manet Wiring for that. The last year for the beloved Babetta was 1997. Click here for the full Jawa history.

JC Penney Wiring: JC Penney department stores sold the Pinto and Swinger moped models, made by Kromag. They have Puch engines and 1977-78 Puch (6-wire) wiring, where the blue black horn wire must be grounded to run. See Kromag Wiring.

 

 


I Wirings: Indian, Intramotor, Italjet

July 20, 2022

 

Indian AMI-50 Wiring: Indian AMI-50 was made in Taiwan by Merida or Mira.

Indian 1978 Wiring, WTEMCO 3-wire magneto
no key switch, internal ignition ground

 

Indian Wiring 1979-81, WTEMCO 3-wire magneto
brake switches normally open, in parallel, internal ignition ground

 

Indian 2-coil Magneto

Indian 2-coil Magneto
is actually 3 coil, since
2 are combined into 1
blue=ign, yellow=lites
green=battery charging

Indian 4-coil Magneto

Indian 4-coil Magneto
early models 1978?
2 small battery charge coils are in series, to
make the same 3 outputs

Indian Magneto Testing

Indian Magneto Testing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indian AMI-50 Battery Versions: All Indians use a 6N2-2A small 6 volt battery. Modern replacement batteries have different wires than the original batteries did. See section “B” about Battery Wires.

 

Indian ME100 Wiring: From 1971 to 1976 there was a line of small motorcycles made in Taipei, Taiwan by Indian, and distributed from Los Angeles USA. This Indian brand is different from the 1978-81 Indian moped made by Merida in Yuanlin, Taiwan. Some of the componentry and design was the same as Taiwan mopeds like General, Lazer and Indian.

1973 Indian ME100

 

Intramotor Gloria Wiring: Of the 3 or 4 Intramotor Gloria models, Scout, Blanco, Kid and Mini-Kid, only the Scout wiring is shown. The others may or may not be the same, depending on their Dansi magneto type. See “Morini Wiring”.

Notice how the Euro model version has no brake light, and one clamp-on switch for lights, horn, and engine stop. Simple!

Intramotor Gloria Scout (USA) Schema Elettrico

Intramotor Gloria, Schema Elettrico
Dansi 3-wire magneto, internal ignition ground

 

Intramotor Gloria Scout (USA) Wiring Diagram

Intramotor Scout, (USA) with brake light
Dansi 3-wire magneto, internal ignition ground

Intramotor Gloria Scout (Euro model) no brake light

Intramotor Scout, (Euro) no brake lite
one switch for all, Bosch 2-wire+spark
internal ignition ground

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


H Wirings: Harley Davidson, Hercules, Honda

July 20, 2022

 

Harley Davidson Wiring: 1965-66 Harley Davidson M50, MS50 models have Dansi ASL222S magnetos. 1967-72 M65, ML65, ML65 Leggero models have a Dansi ASL236NS magnetos. They all have 3 magneto wires, black (ignition), green (ignition ground and brake light) and red (lights). Red and black are opposite from most other Dansi magnetos. Green must be grounded (connected to the frame) in order to have spark. It powers the brake light. If the brake light burns out, the engine will loose spark when the brakes are applied. Any other situation where green to ground is interrupted will cause loss of spark, like wires under the rear fender cut by the tire, loose or rusted fender mounts, loose or rusted bulb contacts, or the tail/brake light connectors loose or corroded. Always ground the green engine wire to eliminate those causes of no spark. That allows the engine to run, but without a brake light. 

Harley Davidson (Aermacchi) M50, M65

 

Hercules Wiring: Hercules mopeds, made in Germany, are also known as Sachs. See Sachs.

Honda Wiring: Honda has hundreds of small motorcycle models worldwide, with different wirings. These are the USA models (unless stated otherwise) of mopeds and motor-driven cycles. More to follow…

Honda C100 (50cc)

Honda C100 Cub series 50 and 55cc, 1959-70
CA100, C102, C105, C105T, C110, CA110T

 

Honda PC50 (US model)

Honda PC50 (US model)

 

Honda PA50 Hobbit

Honda PA50 Hobbit

 

Honda NC50 (US) Express Honda NA50 Express II

Honda NC50 Express, NA50 Express II (US)

 

Honda NC50 (UK model)

Honda NC50 Express (UK model)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


G Wirings: Garelli, General, Gilera

July 20, 2022

 

Garelli Wiring Diagrams: All have CEV 3-wire magnetos with external ignition ground powering the brake light. Garelli wiring is functionally the same as “Minarelli” Wiring on many Italian mopeds. Only some of the wire colors and connector or switch styles are different.

Garelli mopeds US models 1976-86

Garelli Wiring Simplified
US models 1976-86

Garelli Wiring Actual

Garelli Wiring Actual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garelli Wiring Diagram
CEV 3-wire magneto
external ign. ground 

 

1970’s Garelli Eureka and Katia (UK models)

 

General Wiring Diagrams: There has been confusion for years, because of 1) mistakes in the original wirings,  2) wiring in some models not agreeing with the original owners manual, 3) different brand names and alias names for the Jui Li, Her Chee, or Tsing Hua made mopeds, 4) lack of coverage of wiring issues in the service manuals (perhaps because different engines were optional, the engine manuals were separate and not integrated into the main manual), and 5) different versions were produced, sometimes without documentation. The wirings below come from actual wiring harness replacement parts, or actual mopeds or scraps of them. Showing the real wires alongside the diagram for them proves that these corrected wirings are accurate, even though some things might contradict some original wiring diagrams.  

General 5-Star Wiring (top tank, Minarelli eng)

General 5-Star Wiring
top tank Minarelli V1 eng
CEV 3-wire magneto
external ignition ground 

General Wiring Harness (top tank Minarelli eng)

General Wiring Harness
top tank Minarelli engine
CEV 3-wire magneto
external ignition ground 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General 5-Star Actual (top tank Minarelli eng)

General 5-Star Actual
(top tank Minarelli) 

General Wiring Versions top - male battery wire bottom-fem battery wire

General 5-Star Versions
   battery wire, pink circle
top – male bullet
bottom-female bullet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Brake Light Switches: General 5 Star (top tank) has the brake light switches that screw into the levers. General 5 Star ST (step thru) has a front brake light switch in the cable, and a foot brake switch. Other kinds (Lazer?) have both front and rear brake light switches built into the cables. Some of the wirings have an unused female bullet connector on the white wire, to allow either kind of brake light switch.

General and Lazer (Jui Li) top tank mopeds (Minarelli V1 engine with CEV 6932 magneto with external ignition ground): General 5-Star and Lazer Sport 50 have 97% the same wiring, except for: 1) General has a steering lock key switch, that kills the spark and un-grounds the battery when the key is removed, 2) Lazer has an additional lite green and red ground wire in the harness, 3) Lazer has a 6N2-2A battery, while General has a 6N4B-2A battery, twice the amp-hours and wider. 

General 5 Star ST early

General 5 Star “early”
Sachs 505 foot brake
Bosch 3-wire magneto
external ignition ground

General 5 Star ST late Wiring

General 5 Star “late”
 Sachs 505 foot brake
Bosch 3-wire magneto
ext ign gnd (always gnd)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General 5 Star ST Actual

General ST “late” Actual
Sachs 505/1A foot brake
Bosch 3-wire magneto

General-compatible Wiring new, unknown origin

General-compatible
new, unknown origin
for Bosch 3-wire magneto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General 5 Star ST step thru mopeds (Sachs 505 engine), made by Jui Li: General 5-Star ST wiring “early” version is functionally the same as the top tank models, because of the 3-wire Bosch magneto, configured to charge the battery from the ignition ground. With this version, if you removed the battery, or it went bad from sitting, the ignition would loose spark. The General 5-Star ST wiring “late” version instead charges the battery from the main lights wire and has the ignition ground always grounded, so it never looses spark even when the battery is removed. The trade-off for that increase in reliability is a slightly dimmer headlight, which is also a good thing because it helps prevent headlight burn out.

General look alikes:

Grycner mopeds are identical to General step thru, but have Bosch 5-wire magnetos, with internal ignition ground, and slightly different wiring. 

Unbranded generic Jui Li step thru and top tank mopeds are identical to General. Their wiring and magneto is unknown.

AMS Sierra 50 step thru and Tahoe 50 top tank, are made by Her Chee, not Jui Li. They have wiring compatible with General ST, and a Bosch-compatible 3-wire 90mm Taigene magneto. AMS has the later Sachs 505/1D rather than 505/1A.

Grycner Wiring Diagram step thru with Sachs 505

Grycner Wiring Diagram
Sachs 505/1A engine
Bosch 5-wire magneto
internal ignition ground

AMS Wiring Illustrated Sachs 505/1D engine Taigene 3-wire magneto external ignition ground

AMS Wiring Illustrated
Sachs 505/1D engine
Taigene 3-wire magneto
external ignition ground

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Battery Versions: All Generals and Grycners use a 6N4B-2A flat 6 volt battery. Notice in the “General 5 Star Versions” photo above how the original top tank wiring came with different battery wire connectors, either male or female bullet. Besides that the modern replacement batteries have different wires than the original batteries did. See above section “B” about Battery Wires.

 

Gilera 106 SS (1967) Sears Allstate (US model) has a CEV 6826 3-wire points magneto with external ignition ground on the green wire. If that wire is disconnected there will be no spark.

Sears (Gilera) 106 SS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


F Wirings: Foxi, Flying Dutchman

July 20, 2022

 

Foxi Wiring: There are four kinds of Foxi mopeds, made in a different countries with different wirings.

1) Sparta Foxi, made in Holland.

2) KTM Foxi, made in Austria.

3) Testi Foxi, made in Italy, see M: Minarelli Wiring.

4) Jui Li Foxi, made in Taiwan, see G: General Wiring.  

 

Sparta (with Bosch magneto) 1976-78 models Bosch 4-wire magneto internal ignition ground

Foxi, Flying Dutchman ’76-78 (US model, made by Sparta)
Bosch 4-wire magneto, internal ignition ground

 

Foxi/KTM (US model) CEV or Motoplat magneto external ignition ground

Foxi ’77-80 (US model, made by KTM)
CEV or Motoplat magneto, external ignition ground

 

Flying Dutchman Wiring:There are two kinds of Flying Dutchman mopeds, made in a different countries with different wirings.

1) Sparta Flying Dutchman, made in Holland.

2) Kynast Flying Dutchman, made in Germany.

Flying Dutchman ’78-81 (US model, made by Sparta)
Motoplat 3-wire magneto, external ignition ground

 

 

Flying Dutchman (Kynast) Wiring Diagram

Flying Dutchman (US model, made by Kynast)
Bosch 4-wire magneto, internal ignition ground

 

Free Spirit Wiring: The Free Spirit line was sold by Sears department stores in 1978-81. They did not say Sears anywhere on the bike. In fact there are no brand markings or names anywhere, except the ID plate and the back of the seat, that says “Free Spirit”. See Sears Free Spirit Wiring.