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Murray

July 13, 2012

Murray      made by Murray (USA)       Puch 1-speed engine

MurrayMurray mopeds were made from 1979 to 1982 in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee
by Murray Ohio Manufacturing Company.

Murray made the frame and did the final assembly. But most of the components were European made, like the Puch (Austrian) engine, Leleu (French) hubs, Magura (German) controls, CEV (Italian) electrics, Bosch (German) ignition. Some of the components were American made, such as the Stewart-Warner speedometer and the Peterson headlight. The frame was made in Tennessee USA to be compatible with Puch frames. So the engine covers are the same as Puch Magnum. Here is a history of Murray bicycles from Wikipedia:


History

Murray Ohio Manufacturing Company was founded in 1919 to make fenders, fuel tanks, and other automobile parts. The company was founded in Cleveland, Ohio, and the factory was unionized by the United Auto Workers (UAW) and AFL–CIO. In the mid-1930s, the company began production of bicycles, mostly for the youth market. Other products included pedal cars and electric fans. Until 1939, Murray manufactured all of its products for branding and sale by other manufacturers, especially Sears, Roebuck & Co. From 1939 through 1942, Murray made the body parts for the Crosley automobile.

1939 Murray Mercury

1939 Mercury Pacemaker, made by Murray

In 1939, Murray introduced its Pacemaker Series Mercury bicycle at the 1939 New York World’s Fair. Styled by the industrial artist and designer, Viktor Schreckengost, the streamlined machine, with an elaborate diecast metal headpiece, was finished in black, chrome, and polished aluminum, the deluxe version of the Mercury Pacemaker line. However, the Mercury was an expensive bicycle, and sales were few. It was produced only in limited numbers until 1942, when the war stopped consumer bicycle production.

After the war, Murray became known as a manufacturer of low-cost bicycles, and placed its own brand on some products. Since the 1930s, Murray had been producing bicycles that, while stylistically different, imitated designs by other U.S. manufacturers, including Schwinn and AMF. This occasionally brought Murray into legal conflict with competitors, as when Schwinn filed against Murray for duplicating a Schwinn knurling and machining process on its rims.

Most Murray bicycles were for the youth market, often featuring one-piece steel Ashtabula cranksets and internally brazed frames using inexpensive seamed or straight-gauge steel tubing. These low-cost parts and materials undercut the prices of Murray’s competition, selling millions of bicycles (often with retailer names) to department stores, hardware stores, and general retailers. Schrekengost styled more than 100 mostly youth bicycles for Sears, Western Auto, Firestone Tire, and other retailers, including the Spaceliner, Western Flyer, and Firestone. By modifying chain guards, luggage carriers, lighting, handlebars, and truss rods, Schrekengost gave each bicycle a distinctive look while retaining the same welded tube frame design.

Like its competitor, American Machine and Foundry (AMF), Murray left Cleveland in the 1950s and moved its factory and assembly plant to the American South, choosing a factory site in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, with corporate headquarters located in Brentwood, Tennessee. Originally a non-union plant, the Lawrenceburg facility began operations in 1956, and over the next several decades, the complex grew to become one of the largest facilities of its type in the United States: 42.7 acres under roof. One of its more famous former employees is former Senator Fred D. Thompson. It later became a UAW plant, producing both bicycles and lawn and garden equipment.

Youth bicycle production received a boost with the 1965 introduction of Murray’s version of the small-tired, banana-seat, wheelie bike pioneered by Schwinn, the Murray Wildcat. The Wildcat was also styled by Schreckengost, who gave it his own interpretation of a chopper motorcycle, with high-rise handlebars, a tall sissy bar, and a flared rear fender. A series of models followed, including the Eliminator, Firecat and Hotshot. In 1977, again following a youth trend, Murray introduced its BMX model.

During the 1980s, in an attempt to overcome declining sales, Murray began selling its bicycle line in lower-cost mass market stores and discount chains such as Target, K-Mart, and Wal-Mart. While the practice enabled the company to increase sales of overall units, profits failed to meet expectations as a result of reduced margins imposed by mass retailers. Additionally, many independent bicycle dealers (IBDs) resented the new competition, and in retaliation some dealers refused to stock or promote Murray bicycles.

In June 1988, the Murray Ohio Manufacturing Company was acquired by the British investment group Tomkins plc. In 1996, Murray Inc., the last major U.S. bicycle producers with Huffy Bicycle and Roadmaster (formerly AMF), received a major blow when U.S. courts ruled that imports from China were not a “material threat” to U.S. companies. Within three years, Huffy, Roadmaster and Murray ceased manufacture of bicycles in the United States.

In 1998, Murray moved bicycle production from Lawrenceburg to a non-union factory in Mississippi. Production of all U.S.-made bicycles halted in 1999. In 2000, the Murray brand was acquired by Pacific Cycle, a U.S. distributor of bicycles produced in Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China. Murray has since been used as a brand for imported Chinese bicycles sold by Pacific Cycle. Pacific Cycle was later acquired by Dorel Industries.


Murray Mopeds

1980 Murray Brochure 1

1980 Murray Brochure 1

1980 Murray Brochure 2

1980 Murray Brochure 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980 Murray Brochure 3

1980 Murray Brochure 3

1980 Murray Brochure 4

1980 Murray Brochure 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980 Murray Brochure 5

1980 Murray Brochure 5

1980 Murray Brochure 6

1980 Murray Brochure 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979-80 Murray Models

8315   1.5hp 25mph,  silver,   solo seat,   plain black rear shocks, painted fenders, spoke wheels
8320   2.0hp 30mph,  silver,   solo seat,   plain black rear shocks, painted fenders,  spoke wheels
8415   1.5hp 25mph, yellow, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, painted fenders, spoke wheels
8420   2.0hp 30mph, yellow, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, painted fenders, spoke wheels
8416   1.5hp 25mph,   blue, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, spoke wheels
8421   2.0hp 30mph,   blue, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, spoke wheels
8515   1.5hp 25mph, green, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, Sport Mag II wheels
8520   2.0hp 30mph, green, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, Sport Mag II wheels

1981-82 Murray Models

8315   1.5hp 25mph, silver, solo seat, plain black rear shocks, painted fenders, spoke wheels
8320   2.0hp 30mph, silver, solo seat, plain black rear shocks, painted fenders, spoke wheels
8316   1.5hp 25mph, silver, Kromag-type frame, fenders and seat same as Sears Free Spirit
8321   2.0hp 30mph, silver, Kromag-type frame, fenders and seat same as Sears Free Spirit
8515   1.5hp 25mph, green, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, Sport Mag II wheels
8520   2.0hp 30mph, green, long seat, chrome coil spring shocks, chrome fenders, Sport Mag II wheels

Weight was 107 lbs for spoke wheel models, 116 lbs for mag wheel models.

 

1981 Murray

1981 Murray 8320 (2.0 hp)

1981 Murray 1.5hp

1981 Murray 8315 (1.5 hp)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 Murray deluxe

1981 Murray 8520 (2.0 hp)

1981 Murray 8321

1981 Murray 8321 (2.0 hp) a “Kromag-rebrand”
It is 100% the same as a Sears Free Spirit, made in
Austria by Kromag, but VIN label says Murray Ohio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1981 Puch Series B

1981 Puch Series B
90% same as Murray

Murray Components (Parts)

The frame is made in the USA by Murray, same as Puch Series B, made in Austria.

Carburetor: Bing 1/14/166 (2.0hp), short elbow, Puch type carb

Gas valve: 12 x 1 spigot left, Gas cap: 40mm quarter turn
Gas tank: same as Sears Free Spirit

Sprockets: 1.5hp had 13 x 45T, 2.0 hp had 16 x 45T (same as Puch Maxi)

Murray headlight made by PetersonMurray speedometer made by Stewart Warner for PetersonHead light: Peterson PM-720, PM-404 bezel,
Westinghouse 4186 sealed beam bulb 6V

Speedometer: Stewart Warner “backward sideways”

Electrical wiring: Bosch 6-wire magneto, same as Puch,
1 .blue is ignition (points to spark coil)
2. blue-black ignition ground (powering the horn)
3. yellow is head light
4. light grey is tail light
5. green is brake light
6. grn-blk is brk lt. gnd