There are many Italian motorcycle brands. These are only the ones that made mopeds.
Some moped names are similar and confusing, so they are all listed and explained here.
The bike identity (brand, maker, model, year, version) helps to know the parts identity.
Most export models are “re-branded” and the true identity is concealed.
Name Index and Table of Contents:
# x name xxxxxxxxxxx maker
01. Arciero xxxxxxxxxx Italtelai
02. Aspes xxxxxxxxxxx Italvelo
00. Baretta xxxxxxxxxx Piccoli
00. Benelli xxxxxxxxxx Benelli
03. Benvenuti xxxxxxxx Lem Motor
04. BETA xxxxxxxxxxxx BETA Bianchi, Enzo e Tosi, Arrigo
00. Bianchi xxxxxxxxxx Italvelo
00. Bimotor xxxxxxxxxx Bimotor see Moto Bimm
05. Carnielli xxxxxxxxxx Carnielli
00. Cimatti xxxxxxxxxxx Cimatti
00. Concord xxxxxxxxxx Fantic
00. Cosmo and Colt xxxx Piccoli
00. DEMM xxxxxxxxxxxx DEMM Daldi e Matteucci Motori
06. Di Blasi xxxxxxxxxxx Di Blasi Industriale
00. Fabbrica Motoveicoli Fabbrica Motoveicoli see Garelli
00. Fantic xxxxxxxxxxxx Fantic Motor
00. F. Morini xxxxxxxxxx Lem Motor
07. FMB Telaimotor xxxx FMB Telaimotor Fabbrica Motocicli Bologna
08. Gadabout xxxxxxxxx Moto Bimm
00. Garelli xxxxxxxxxxx Agrati Garelli
00. Gary xxxxxxxxx xxx Fabbrica Motoveicoli see Garelli
09. General TE xxx Xxxx Moto Bimm
10. Gilera xxxxxxxx xxx Gilera, Piaggio
00. Gitane xxxxxxxx xxx Testi
00. Indian xxxxxx xXxxx Italjet
00. Innocenti xxxxx xxx Innocenti see Lambretta
00. Intramotor Gloria x x Intramotor Gloria
00. Italjet xxxxx xxxxxx Italjet
00. Italtelai xxxx xxxxxx Italtelai
11. ITOM xxxxxxx xxxxx ITOM Industria Torinese Meccanica
12. Lambretta xxx xxxxx Innocenti
13. Lem Motor xxx xxxx Lem Motor
14. Maico xxxxxxxx xxxx Moto Bimm
00. Malaguti xxxxx xxxx Malaguti
15. Moto Bimm xxxxxxxx Moto Bimm
16. Moto BM xxxxxxxxxx Moto BM Bonvicini Marino
17. Moto FBM xxxxxxxxx Moto FBM Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli
00. Moto Guzzi xxxxxxxx SEIMM Società Esercito Industrie Moto Meccaniche
00. Moto Meteora xxxxx Moto Meteora
00. Motobecane Sebring Motobecane-MotoMeteora
18. Motobee xxxxxxxxxx Testi
00. Motobi xxxxxxXXxxx Motobi see Benelli
19. Motom xxxxxxXXxxx Motom
00. Motomarina xxXXxx Moto Meteora
00. Motori Minarelli xx x Motori Minarelli
00. Motori Morini Franco Motori Morini Franco
00. Motron xxxxxxxxxxx Motron
00. MW xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Benelli see Wards Riverside
00. MZV xxxxxxxxxxxxx MZV see Safari
00. Negrini xxxxxxxxxxx Negrini
20. Omer xxxxxxxxxx xx Omer
00. Pacer xxxxxxxxxx xx Italtelai
00. Piaggio xxxxxxxXxxx Piaggio
00. Rizzato xxxxxxxxxxx Cesare Rizzato
00. Safari xxxxxxxxXXxx MZV
00. Testixxxxxxxxxxxxx Testi
21. Silver Foxi xxxxXxxx Testi
22. Snark-Bianchi xXxxx Italvelo or Italtelai
23. Velomec xxxxxxxxXx Italvelo
00. Vespa xxxxxxxxxxxx Piaggio
24. West Wind xxxxxxxx Spisni Lino
25. Yankee Peddler xxxx FMB Telaimotor
26. Wards Riverside xx Benelli
Arciero made in Italy by Italtelai Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine
Arciero is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia, but Italtelai is. Italtelai began in 1972, and means “Italian frames”. They made chassis for Arciero, Bianchi, Pacer, Portofino, Snark, and other US export models. They all used Motori Morini Franco engines and Spisni Franzoni forks. 1970’s engines were Morini MO-1 (or MO-2 optionally). 1980’s was Morini M1.
Arciero components: Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Grimeca hubs and 90mm brakes, Dansi magneto, Huret speedometer with LH driver. Gas cap for “monotrave” is clamp-on pop-up, for step thru is 30mm push-in or 30mm qtr-turn, for top tank is 40mm qtr turn wide wing.
Italvelo is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia. Italvelo makes Aspes, Italvelo, Bianchi, Snark, Velomec step-thru mopeds.
Aspes components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (30mph) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV or Veglia? speedometer with LH driver. Gas cap is 30mm push-in.
Benvenuti made in Italy by Lem Motor Morini MO-1 engine
Benvenuti is an Italian surname that also means welcome. The Lem-made Benvenuti Fabrizio A1 chassis is the same as Lem Pratikal, Safari Cobra, Safari 300, Safari MZVand F. Morini Chembol.
Benvenuti components: Monotrave aka “tubone” type frame, Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and “round chrome” switches, OSL aluminum “finger bumps” levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, Dansi magneto.
Beta made in Italy by Beta Beta 1-speed engine
Beta was formed in the early 1900’s in Florence Italy, by Guiseppe Bianchi, a famous bicycle racer and entrepreneur. Originally it was called “Societe Guiseppe Bianchi”, and made bicycles. Later in the 1940’s when production of motorcycles began, the company was renamed “Beta”, after Bianchi, Enzo and Tosi, Arrigo, the chief officers at the time. Beta is still making motorcycles, mostly off road trials bikes.
Beta components: 2.25-16″ tires, 25mph or 17mph engine versions, Laura-type reed valve, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (25mph) or SHA14/9 (17mph) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino chrome levers, Domino wrap-around throttle or sliding block, Grimeca hubs and 90mm brakes, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
Carnielli made in Italy by Carnielli Sachs engine
This is a collapsible mini-moped with pedals. It has tie-rod steering and a front swing arm. This one was serviced at MM in the mid-2000’s.
Graziella is the name of a folding bicycle line made by Carnielli.
Moto Graziella is the name of a their motorized folding bike.
Moto G is the name on the gas tank.
Di Blasi made in Italy by Diblasi
This is a collapsible folding mini-cycle that can fit in a bus, airplane, train, boat or car.
Here is the Di Blasi of America website: https://www.diblasi.com/
Di Blasi Industriale is an Italian manufacturer of folding bicycles, tricycles, and mopeds, based in Francofonte, Sicily. From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Di_Blasi_Industriale
FMB Telaimotor Fabbrica Motocicli Bologna Telaimotor (Bologna Motorcycle Factory that makes motor Frames) was one of the myriad companies in and around Bologna, Italy through the ’50s to the ’80s that specialised in building their own chassis. FMB was based at 38 Via Fossolo, but sadly now there’s a company building lab equipment instead.
FMB should not be confused with FBM (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli). FMB made chassis and nearby FBM made engines.
Gadabout made in Italy by Moto BM Minarelli V1 engine
The word “gadabout” means wanderer. The Phillips Gadabout was a popular 1950’s – 1960’s English moped. That kind of Gadabout moped is not included here. One of the earliest Gadabout moped sold in America was the 1978 Gadabout MK IV by the Holiday Rambler Corporation, made in Bologna, Italy by Moto BM (Bonvicini Marino). It was originally sold on the back of Holiday Rambler RVs to be ridden around campsites. At some point later, the Robcor Corporation in Plymouth, Virginia USA sold Gadabouts, both two and three wheelers, in the late 1970’s. Almost all of them have no stickers left, because they cracked and fell off. That was the only thing that Gadabout owners were not glad about.
Moto BM was started by Mario Bonvincini in 1950. BM first made bikes with Ilo 125 -175cc engines, then later with Morini and Minarelli engines 50-125cc.
You can see the 1978-79 frame is different than the 1980-81, in the area behind and below the seat. The above green and silver 1980 Gadabout is the same bike and same paint colors as a 1979 Pryer Gadabout, so it might a Pryer with the decals removed.
Gadabout components: Minarelli V1 engine 20(1.0hp), 25(1.5hp), 30mph(2.0hp) versions, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino controls and levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV speedometer with LH driver, and CEV reflectors.
Most Generals are made in Taiwan by Jui Li. This one is different. It is 100% Italian.
Gilera was founded in Arcore, Italy in 1909 by Giuseppe Gilera. After four decades of making motorcycles, in the 1950’s Gilera had the technical expertise to win the 500cc motorcycle world championship 6 times in 8 years. In 1969, Gilera was purchased by Piaggio.
Gilera motorcycles were sold in the US, as a Sears brand in the 1960’s. Gilera mopeds, with pedals, were never sold in the US. These “sport mopeds” at left were for England in 1973 to 1977, where there was no limit on power or speed or transmission gears, only 50cc with pedals. Many of those “sport mopeds” went 55 or 60mph. Wow!
The Vespa Grande, a US model, is 80% the same as a Gilera cbA, a Euro model, both made by Piaggio. The lights, electrical wiring, and long seat are the main differences.
These models are shown for information purposes. Myrons does not have parts for these, other than things that were on US model Vespa Grandes. Some of those parts have become scarce.
ITOM stands for Industria Torinese Meccanica. They made quality 50 to 125cc motor bikes from 1948 to 1975 near Turin (Torino), Italy.
The 1970’s Itom 1-speed automatic motor with horizontal cylinder is similar to a Morini MO1, but is different.
Here are both engines, side by side, for comparison.
Innocenti was a steel tubing factory formed in 1922 by Italian businessman Ferdinando Innocenti. In 1947, after the factory was heavily bombed in WWII, they switched to producing motor scooters with the brand name Lambretta. The design was inspired by 1940’s Cushman scooters made in Nebraska USA.
From Wikipedia: Lambretta is the brand name of a line of motor scooters initially manufactured in Milan, Italy, by Innocenti. The name is derived from the word Lambrate, the suburb of Milan named after the river which flows through the area, and where the factory was located. Lambretta was the name of a mythical water-sprite associated with the river which runs adjacent to the former production site.
In 1972, the Indian government bought the machinery of the Milanese factory, creating Scooters India Limited(SIL) in order to produce the Lambro three-wheeler under the name Vikram for the domestic market. Lambretta scooters were also manufactured under licence by Fenwick in France, NSU in Germany, Serveta in Spain, API in India, Yulon in Taiwan, Pasco in Brazil, Auteco in Colombia and Siambretta in Argentina. Innocenti S.A. (also known as Lambretta Consortium) based in Lugano, Switzerland is the owner of the international trademark Lambretta and has licensed the brand throughout the world.
Lem made in Italy by Lem Minarelli and Morini engines
Lem Motor srl was founded in 1974 by Vincenzo Marasco, in Calderara di Reno, Bologna, Italy. Lem produced small motorcycles with mostly 50cc and 65cc Minarelli and Franco Morini engines. In the 1980s the majority of models were for junior MX and trials. Later the company partnered with Italjet, and in 2017 produced a variety of pitbikes and minimotos up to 150cc along with electric motorcycles.
Maico is a trade name used by importer/distributer M.P.I. A true Maico is German-made, usually a motocross or trail bike. Maico mopeds are made by Italy by Moto Bimm.
Moto Bimm was founded in 1965 by Jose Becocci in Florence, Italy. They produced off-road motorcycles from 50 cc through 125 cc using Minarelli engines. Later there were sport bikes and mopeds with various small engines. The Maico moped is one, famously known as the Billo in Italy. Sometime in the 1970’s Moto Bimm became Motori Bimm and then Bimotor, which lasted until 1980. Note that “Moto Bimm” is not Moto BM (Bonvicini Marino) and “Bimotor” is not Motobi (Benelli). The names are all similar.
Maico components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, Domino controls and levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
Motobee made in Italy by Testi Minarelli V1
Many of these bikes seem to be from Maine. They have a unique gas tank. Otherwise the Motobee RS100 is the same as a Gitane Sport. They are both made by Testi. See Testi/Gitane. The components are all the same as Gitane, except the Motobee speedometer is CEV, not Huret.
There is another bike called Motobi, made by Benelli. This is not that.
Here is a Gitane Sport moped. Same CEV lights, same PV controls, same frame, wheels, forks, fenders, handlebar, switches. The Minarelli engine has the plastic fan cover, not metal. The speedometer and gas tank are the main difference.
Motom was founded in 1947 by Ernesto Frua De Angeli, and closed in 1970.
Moto Bimm (Motori Bimm, later Bimotor), founded in 1965 by Jose Becocci in Florence, produced off-road motorcycles with an engine displacement from 50 cc through 125 cc using Minarelli engines. Later there where sport motorcycles and mopeds with engines that were manufactured by other companies offered in their lineup. (from Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia)
The company name was “(Bimotor) Motori Bimm“, and later “Bimotor, Florence”.
V1 (Minarelli V1 one speed engine)
V2 (Minarelli V2 variator engine)
Mini (Minarelli V1 or V1-K)
Cross (Minarelli P4)
US model mopeds made by Moto Bimm were branded Maico, Gadabout, and General TE.
Moto F.B.M. (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli) 224 Via Battindarno, Bologna, Italy was founded 1951 by Vittorio Minarelli and Franco Morini, nephew of Alphonso Morini. The two young Italian engineers produced 125 to 250cc motorcycle engines for other makers.
Testi and Sachs helped Minarelli: Since 1933 Testi was a bicycle company owned by Umberto Testi. Umberto’s son Erio Testi worked in his fathers bicycle factory. In 1953 Umberto sent his son Erio Testi to Austria to visit Fichtel and Sachs, and learn about small two stroke engines. After Erio returned, he was hired by Moto FBM, and transferred the Sachs two stroke moped engine manufacturing knowledge to his friend Vittorio Minarelli. In 1954 the Pettirosso (red breast) was born, a 50cc 2-stroke 2-speed cable-shift engine, destined to become the engine for most popular mopeds in Europe, and later the P3 3-speed version. see https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/FBM_(azienda)
Moto Meteora made in Italy by Moto Meteora
Moto Meteora began in 1953 in Monteveglio, Bologna, Italy. They made lightweight motorcycles with 50 to 125cc OMS and NSU engines. In the early 1980’s they made mopeds with Franco Morini engines, such as the Motomarina Sebring. They closed around 1990.
Moto Meteora components: Minarelli P4 50cc 4-speed shifter engine, Grimeca hubs, CEV electrics. What other “tubone” is it the same as?
Montgomery Wards was one of the three major US department store chains that sold motorcycles, scooters, mini-bikes, or mopeds, in their catalogs and stores. The Wards line was named “Riverside”. The earliest Wards Riverside models from the 50′s and early 60′s where French-made Motobecane mopeds that consisted of models like the AV88 and AV78. There were also some scooters made by Japan’s Mitsubishi and Italy’s Bianchi companies. In 1965, Wards changed manufacturers and opted to sell mostly machines from the Italian company Benelli.
Benelli offered different moped models and also a line of single cylinder motorcycles. So Wards could compete in the marketplace with the Austrian Puch mopeds and motorcycles that Sears was selling under their Allstate brand.
By 1970 the moped and motorcycle sales went away for the two department store retailers primarily due to the Japanese invasion with highly engineered, reliable and powerful 4 stroke motorcycles under the likes of Honda, Yamaha and Suzuki. Also, in 1970 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created to oversee and combat increasing pollution and air quality issues. Smokey two stroke motorcycles and other high emission vehicles would be the first targets.
After the mid-70′s gasoline shortage in the US, moped sales and popularity exploded. In 1978 Montgomery Ward (and Sears) began selling 2 stroke mopeds again. This time around, Wards sold the re-branded German-made Solo/Columbia Commuter moped, and two USA-made AMF models. Later they sold USA-made EZ Rider/Minarelli mopeds, and in California stores, the French-made 1980 Peugeot 102 (on sale for $279). Sears, once again, also started selling Puch (Kromag) powered mopeds but under their Free Spirit moniker. Catalog and department store retailer J.C Penney also got in on the moped action in 1977 by offering its own Puch (Kromag) based mopeds under the names of Swinger and Pinto. By 1981 the moped craze was over and all three department stores discontinued selling mopeds, this time for good.
Here is a link to the 1965 Wards Riverside Service Manual:
Omer made in Italy by Omer Minarelli and Morini engines
Omer made small motorcycles, mopeds and cycle-cars from 1966 to 1981.
From Sheldons Emu: Based in Reggio Emilia, near Modena, the company built the Tanga and Skipper, conventional mopeds Vivo, Zoom, Mini Daytona, Mini Vallelunga Cross, and a folding minibike for MV-Agusta.
Silver Foxi made in Italy by Testi Minarelli V1 engine
The Silver Foxi, made by Testi, is one of four marketing names made by United Moped. The others are “Foxi GT” by Sparta (Holland), “Foxi Deluxe” by KTM (Austria) and “Foxi 47” by Jui Li (Taiwan). The Silver Foxi is a monotrave frame, compatible with the Gitane Cricket, and the Testi Cricket.
Silver Foxi components: Minarelli V1 engine 20(1.0hp), 25(1.5hp), 30mph(2.0hp) versions, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, CEV lights and switches, PV controls and levers, Grimeca hubs and brakes, CEV 6932 magneto, CEV or Veglia speedometer with LH driver.
Snark made in Italy by Italvelo or Italtelai Minarelli or Morini
Snark is a fictional animal in the Lewis Carroll nonsense poem, “The Hunting of the Snark”. It was a trade name made up by Snark Moped, Inc, 300 Milik St, Carteret, New Jersey 07008. The Snark Satellite and Bianchi Satellite, made by Italtelai, are the same as Pacer Super Sport and Arciero top tank mopeds, all with Morini Franco Motori engines. Left, the Snark Standard (bottom blue) and the Snark Deluxe (top red), with Minarelli V1 engine, are made by Italvelo. A Snark Deluxe is the same as a Bianchi Stardust. See Bianchi above.
Snark components: Morini MO-1 or MO-2 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 (or 14/9) carburetor, Domino chrome levers/controls, Dansi magneto, CEV electrics, Grimeca hubs with 90mm drum brakes, 11mm axles, CEV speedometer (Huret on top tank) with LH driver.
Velomec is a trade name that is not on any list (except this one). The maker Italvelo is not in the Wheels of Italy Encyclopedia. See Italvelo above. Italvelo makes Aspes, Italvelo, Bianchi, Snark, Velomec mopeds.
Velomec components: Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 or 14/9 carburetor, Grimeca hubs, brakes, 11mm axles, CEV lights and switches, PV controls, Huret speedometer with LH driver.
West Wind made in Italy by Spisni Lino Morini MO-1
West Wind is a trade name made by the importer/distributor, American Moped Inc (AMI), who also imported the Indian 4-stroke, (before Derbi/Leone). It has a “tubone” style frame (thick tube with gasoline inside).
West Wind components: Morini MO-1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/9 carburetor, Domino chrome levers/controls, Dansi magneto, CEV electrics, Grimeca Razze Incrociate style mag wheels with 90mm drum brakes, 11mm axles, CEV speedometer with LH driver.
Yankee Peddler made in Italy by FMB Telaimotor Minarelli V1 engine
FMB Telaimotor Fabbrica Motocicli Bologna Telaimotor (Bologna Motorcycle Factory that makes motor Frames) was one of the myriad companies in and around Bologna, Italy through the ’50s to the ’80s that specialised in building their own chassis. FMB was based at 38 Via Fossolo, but sadly now there’s a company building lab equipment instead. FMB should not be confused with FBM (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli). FMB made chassis and nearby FBM made engines.
Yankee Peddler components: Minarelli V1 engine, Dellorto SHA 14/12 carburetor, CEV “console” switches, CEV lights, CEV 6932 magneto, Grimeca hubs, 11mm axles and 90mm drum brakes, CEV speedometer with LH driver, 40mm push in gas cap.