Contents: 1. Information 2. CEV 3. ULO 4. Peterson
Contents: 5. Stanley 6. Cat Eye 7. Saturnus 8. Fiem
Tail lights: 1970’s and 1980’s USA moped models generally have different tail lights than European models. That is because of the 1972 and 1976 US DOT motor vehicle safety requirements for motor-driven cycles and motorized bicycles. The rear light must shine to the rear and the sides, and illuminate the license plate. The rear of the bike must have red side and rear reflectors. Putting the reflectors with the tail light eliminates the need for adding them on elsewhere. Also the bulbs are bigger, 15 not 9mm, because of higher watts required for the running light, 5 watts instead of 3, and for the brake light 10 watts instead of nothing.
The most troublesome US DOT requirement was that the brake light operation cannot cause the head light to get dimmer. This meant that the brake light had to be powered by a separate source coil in the magneto-generator. There was no solid-state voltage regulation until the mid-1980’s. The AC voltage was crudely regulated by generator magnetism, rather than a external mechanical or electronic device.
Internal ignition ground family: Some US moped versions had an additional source coil to operate the brake light, such as Puch or Batavus (Bosch magnetos). On these the brake light wires never cause the engine to not run. The ignition source coil is grounded internally, inside the generator. So the ignition is never affected by any of the lights.
The brake light only needs to be matched with the generator source coil, usually 6 volt 10 watt. Unlike your house, a higher wattage bulb makes less light. If a 6V 18W bulb is used, it will be dim. If a 6V 5W bulb is used, it will be too bright and burn out.
External ignition ground family: Some US mopeds use the ignition source coil to operate the brake light, such as Garelli or Minarelli with (CEV magnetos). On these the brake light wires can cause the engine to loose spark and not run. If the connecters or wires are corroded or loose, on the brake light wires, the engine will stall when the brakes are applied. If the brake switch wires up at the handlebars are also loose, then the engine will not ever “have spark”. Removing the tail light assembly, or changing it, can cause these bikes to not run.
The brake light needs a 4 ohm (10 watt max) resistor in parallel with a 6 volt 10 watt bulb #81, or just a 6 volt 18 watt bulb #1129, or a 6V 21/5W #1154 dual filament bulb. For a brighter brake light but a weaker ignition spark, the resistor can be 6.8 ohm 10 watt.
Modern family: After the 1980’s, thankfully, there were no more mopeds with external ignition grounds. They had internal ignition grounds. So the brake light wires never cause the engine to loose spark. Their solid state AC voltage regulators allowed all the lights to run off of the same generator wire, yet still stay the same brightness as additional lights (brake) were turned off or on. The modern family also uses 12 volt bulbs instead of 6 volt.
The brake light bulb does not need to be any particular wattage. Just like in your house, a higher wattage bulb would produce more light. You want the brake light to be brighter than the tail light, for safety, but it doesn’t need to be.
Price List: Prices are for each item. Bright green means new. Dark green means used. N/A means not available.
Screws: M means metric machine screw M3, M4, M5, M6. ST means self tapping screw (for plastic).
2. CEV Tail Lights
Many or most 1970’s European made mopeds, USA models, use CEV tail lights, made in Italy.
CEV 9350: Many 1972 -1976 US mopeds had this “oval with flat sides” single bulb lamp. It was exclusively on mopeds with an external ignition ground. If the brake light burned out, the bike would loose spark when the brakes were applied. Internal ignition ground bikes did not use this lamp because it made the brake light too dim (because the 10 watt generator coil did not match the 20 watt bulb filament).
CEV 9400: In 1977 the 9400 “rectangular” series dual-bulb lamps came out, with two different bulb holders and three body styles. They could be for either family, internal or external, because the bulb holder could be either a “large glass” 18 or 21 watt brake light bulb, for external ignition ground types, or a “small glass” 10 watt brake light bulb version, for internal ignition ground types. At first the 9400,9401,9417 and 9400.1,9401.1,9417.1 were the versions. These were perfect for motorcycles with batteries.
To solve the problem of loosing spark if the brake light burned out, CEV made versions special for USA mopeds, with a power resistor hidden inside. If the brake light burned out, the resistor would allow the engine to stay running. The 9400.2, 9401.2 and 9417.2 soon superseded the 9400.1, 9401.1, and 9417.1. So the “1” versions are uncommon in the US, and the “2” versions are uncommon in Europe.
Of these, the 9400 and 9400.2 are common.
The 9400.2 is on 1978-89 Derbi.
The 9400 is on 1980-83 Piaggio Grande
Of these, only the 9401.2 is common.
It is on 77-78 Garelli and others.
Of these, 9417 and 9417.2 are common.
The 9417.2 is on 1977-85 Tomos, and 1979-85 Garelli.
The 9417 is on 1987-2011 Tomos, and 1978-86 Puch.
9350 xx N/A tail light oval with flat sides
9350 xx N/A one dual filament bulb
————-9 3 5 0—P A R T S——————-
03211 x N/A red lens w/ reflectors, says CEV 174
03211.1 $35 red lens no reflectors, says CEV 174
03211.2 $40 red lens w/ reflectors, SIM 232.07
03212 x $60 lamp body chrome used/repaired
03212 xxxx cleaned, repaired, inspected
03212.1 $55 lamp body black used/repaired
22253 $1.20 lens screw M4 x 72 phillips
22253.1 0$2 lens screw long bolt-thru with nut
10630.3 $2.00 bulb 6V 21/5W #1154
16590 x $20 mount with license plate bracket
16590.1 $10 mount with no license bracket
02748 x N/A mount with license plate bracket
02748 x N/A these are all broken at the top
9400 tail light with mount, two bulbs
black $50 top: 6V 10W, no resistor
grey x $50 bottom: 6V 5W
9400.1 tail light with mount, two bulbs
black $55 top: 6V 18W, large glass, no resistor
grey x$55 bottom: 6V 5W
9400.2 tail light with mount, two bulbs
black $55 top: 6V 10W, with resistor
grey $55 bottom: 6V 5W
9401 $65 tail light with mount, two bulbs
9401 $65 top: 6V 10W, no resistor
9401 $65 bottom: 6V 5W
9401.1 $70 tail light with mount, two bulbs
9401.1 $65 top: 6V 18W, large glass, no resistor
9401.1 $65 bottom: 6V 5W
9401.2 $70 tail light with mount, two bulbs
9401.2 $00 top: 6V 10W, with resistor
9401.2 $00 bottom: 6V 5W
9417xx $60–$35 tail light w/mount, 2 bulbs
9417xx $6– top: 6V 10W, no resistor
9417xx $6– bottom: 6V 5W
9417.1 $65–$40 tail light w/ mount, 2 bulbs
9417.1 $6- top: 6V 18W, large glass, no resistor
9417.1 $6- bottom: 6V 5W
9417.2 $65–$40 tail light w/ mount, 2 bulbs
9417.2 $6- top: 6V 10W, with resistor
9417.2 $6- bottom: 6V 5W
————-9 4 0 0—P A R T S——————-
04818 0$8 bulb housing for 9400, 9401, 9417
xxxxxxxxx says 19314, small glass BL, no resistor
04818.1 $15 bulb housing 9400.1,9401.1,9417.1
xxxxxxxxx says 19477, large glass BL, no resistor
04818.2 $15 bulb housing 9400.2,9401.2,9417.2
xxxxxxxxx says 19314 behind resistor
18596 x0$1 9400 lens screw ST#6 x 1.5″ 38mm
18596.1 xxx original for when the post is normal
18596.1 $1 9400 long screw ST#6 x 1.7″ 44mm
18596.2 $1 9400 long screw ST#6 x 2.0″ 51mm
18596.1 xxx for when part of the post breaks off
18596.3 $2 9400 long screw #6-32 x 2.5″ 63mm
18596.3 $1 9400 long screw shortened to 60mm
18596.1 xxx for when all of the post breaks off
04816 x$20 red lens with clear bottom, original
04818 xxx xsays CEV 210, original with reflectors
213452 $15 red lens with clear bottom, replica
04814 $50 tail lamp body for 9400, says 19317
04815 $50 tail lamp body for 9401, says 19318
04927 $45 tail lamp body for 9417, says 19845
19609 x0$6 fender mount rubber for 9400, 9401
19626 x0$6 resistor 3.9 Ω 10W, original is 4Ω
19626.1 $5 resistor 6.8 Ω 10W, for brighter BL
22222 x N/A mount bolt for 9401 M6x40 all-thread
—- Solid Mount Parts, like on most mopeds
a o31075 $0.50 hex nut M6
b 031845 $0.20 lock washer M6
c 031925 $0.20 plain washer M6
d Cwedge $7.00 wedge with hole
e 025253 $0.50 hex bolt M6x20
—- Flexible Mount Parts, like on 1978-2011 Tomos
f 219869 $7.00 shoulder nut M6 11 hex
g 031926 $0.30 plain washer M8
h 219946 $5.00 vibration rubber 8 x 12
i 219866 $6.00 distance tube 6 x 9 x 5.5
2a. Replica CEV Tail Lights
This lamp looks exactly like the original CEV 9417 on the outside. But inside the bulb holder-mirror is different. It is a single bulb type that cannot be swapped for an original 2-bulb type. In the USA, in motorcycle parts stores, the single dual filament bulb has limited choices in volts and watts. There is just 12V 21/5W #1157 or 6V 21/5W #1154. There are LED substitutes for 1157. Some work with 6V AC, and some don’t.
This lamp also looks exactly like the original CEV 9417. Inside it has a 2 bulb holder-mirror. The bulbs can be 6 or 12 volt, and 5 or 10 watt. A 1970’s bike needs 6V, but a 1990’s or later needs 12 volt bulbs.
Many 1970’s US-model bikes had a “secret” ignition ground resistor hidden inside this light. It allowed the bike to run even when the brake light was missing or burned out. This new light cannot hold a resistor, but one can be added to the ignition ground wire above the engine. The resistor costs $5 or $6, listed above.
The wires are green=ground, black=brake, blue=tail.
ULO made tail lights, reflectors, and turn signals for German mopeds, Hercules (Sachs), Kreidler, Solo, Kynast, and tail lights for many non-German mopeds, Batavus, Sparta, Puch, Peugeot, Motobecane and Honda PA50. ULO was founded by Moritz Ullman in 1947 in Geislingen Germany. Ullman knew how to make molded glass products, like bicycle reflectors.
ULO plastic parts have a date mark. The lens has the compliance standards and those have a start date.
ULO 250 “early” lamp, no reflectors
60a1 ULO250-1 $80 “early” 1-bulb tail light used
60a1 ULO250-1 6V 18/5W, no resistor
60a2 ULO250-2 $85 “early” 2-bulb tail light used
60a2 ULO250-2 top (brake): 6V 10W, no resistor
60a2 ULO250-2 bottom(tail): 6V 5W
ULO 248 “late” lamp with side reflectors
60b1 ULO248-1 $50 “late” 1-bulb tail light
60b1 ULO248-1 6V 21/5W, no resistor
60b2 ULO248-2 $50 “late” 2-bulb tail light
60b2 ULO248-2 top (brake): 6V 10W, no resistor
60b2 ULO248-2 bottom(tail): 6V 5W
60b3 ULO248-3 $70 “late” 2-bulb tail light
60b3 ULO248-3 top (brake): 6V 10W, with resistor
60b3 ULO248-3 bottom(tail): 6V 5W
61x 250-6017 $65 “early” housing used ’72-78
61x 250-6017 $30 “early” housing replica ’72-78
661a 248-6017 $40 “late” housing used ’78-80+
62x 250-pum 50¢ “Puch” upper bolt M5x32
62a 250-upm 50¢ “early” upper bolt M6x32
62b 248-upm 50¢ “late” upper bolt M6x25
63x 250-lnscr $01 “early” lens screw ST special
63a 248-lnscr $1.00 “late” lens screw M4x45
64x 248-0015 $35 red lens 1976-1980+
64a 250-0015 $45 red lens 1972-1975
64b 248-repli $12 red lens replica
65x 250-gask $10 lens gasket (only on “early”)
66x 250-tail $2.00 6V 5W lower bulb
67x 250-stop $2.00 6V 10W upper bulb
67a 248-bulb $2.00 6V 21/5W dual bulb
68x 250-lomb $0.50 “Puch” lower bolt M5x16
68a 248-lomb $0.50 non-Puch lower bolt M6x16
68c 248-lwas 20¢ non-Puch lower mnt washer M6
69x 250-csh1 $10 cushion foam (only on some)
69a 250-csh2 $10 cushion thick (only on some)
69b 250-csh3 $10 cushion thin (only on some)
70x 250-locw 20¢ “Puch” mount lock washer M5
70a 248-locw 20¢ non-Puch mnt lock washer M6
71x 250-mnut 25¢ “Puch” mount hex nut M5
71a 248-mnut 25¢ non-Puch mount hex nut M6
72x 248-grom $01 grommet for 2-bulb mirror
73x 248-0016 $20 bulb holder-mirror 2-bulb
73a 250-0016 $20 bulb holder-mirror 1-bulb
The little rubber grommets #72 for the two-bulb holder-mirror, are important. When one is missing, the bulb holder is loose. Engine vibration causes the loose holder to “buzz” or vibrate and rub against the lens and housing. The buzzing causes the bulbs to burn out, and produces white powder. The white plastic dust or powder is evidence of “buzzing”.
3a. Replica ULO Tail Lights
ULO 250 replica $30 sold new “as is”, no upper mount bolt hole, loose bulb sockets
ULO 250 replica $30 12V 10W upper bulb, 12v 5W lower bulb, wires with no connectors
These look the same on the outside. But the bulb holder is different, a metal plate with plastic bulb sockets that are loose. No rubber cushions/grommets and loose shaking bulb sockets will make the bulbs burn out frequently from vibration. besides that there is no upper mount hole or mount screw, but a hole can be drilled.
4. Peterson Tail Lights
Peterson tail lights, made in Grandview, Missouri USA, were on ’76-80 Jawa and ’76-77 Derbi mopeds.
– 3296-061 N/A Tail Lamp PM420
1 3296-061 N/A Lamp housing
2 3296-061 N/A Lens used PM420-15
3 34544-001 50¢ Lens screw ST (2)
4 34213 $1.00 Nut 3/8-24 fine
5 34213 50¢ Lock washer 3/8″
6 60507 $2.00 Bulb 6V 21/5W #1154
Peterson PM-421 meets 1970’s US safety standards for motorcycle tail lamps (shines to the sides). Also has built-in side reflectors, eliminating the need for separate ones. Used on 1978-80 Jawa, 1976-77 Derbi, and not many others.
– 70106 N/A Tail lamp used PM-421
1 70100 $33 Housing-mirror used PM-421
2 70101 N/A Lens cover new PM-421-15
3 70102 N/A Lens screw ST (3)
4 70103 N/A Mount screw ST (3)
5 60507 $2.00 Bulb 6V 21/5W #1154
6 422-10 $19 plastic mount PM-422-10
7 422-24 $$6 mount rubber PM-422-24
Dozens of different Stanley tail lights, made in Japan, are on most Honda motorcycles and mopeds. Here we focus on those used on mopeds and small motorcycles.
Stanley 040-4765, used on 1977-85 General (top-tank), Lazer (top-tank) and compatibles, made in Taiwan.
1 N/A lamp assembly
2 N/A chrome housing-mirror
2 N/A (2) M6 threaded holes spaced 90mm
3 N/A mount bracket (not shown)
4 $2.00 bulb 6V 21/5W
5 $10 lens gasket (new)
6 $1.00 lens screw M4x55 phillips
5 $$2 can be longer M4x72
7 $22 red lens (new)
Stanley HM-23RC, used on 1977-83 Honda Express NC50 and Express II NA50, made in Japan.
1 N/A lamp assembly
2 $45 black housing-mirror-mount with license mount
2 N/A (3) M6 bolt-thru rubber mounts
4 $2.00 bulb 6V 21/5W
5 $$9 lens gasket (used)
6 $$3 lens screws ST (2) 60mm
7 $8 red lens (used, side reflectors broken off)
Stanley HM-42RC, used on 1984-85 Honda Spree NQ50, 1990 Honda NS50, and other late 1980’s Hondas.
1 $45 lamp assembly, without mount
2 $35 black housing-mirror
2 $45 (2) M5 threaded holes spaced 100mm
3 $10 black mount for NS50 (shown)
2 $18 black mount for NQ50 with license mount
4 $1.20 bulb 12V 21/5W
5 $12 lens gasket (used)
6 $$3 lens screws ST (2) 40mm
7 $15 red lens (used)
Cat Eye reflectors, lights, and turn signal kits, for bicycles and mopeds, were made in Japan.
Cat Eye TL-800, used on 1977-85 Taiwan mopeds, Indian, Angel, General (step-thru) and compatibles.
1 -N/A-- lamp assembly, without mount
2 $42.0 chrome housing-mirror 35mm holes
3 $35.0 black metal mount for General step-thru (shown)
4 $2.00 bulb 6V 21/5W #1154
5 $12.0 lens gasket (used)
6 $1.00 lens screw M4 x 50 phillips
7 $32.0 red lens 35mm hole spacing
Saturnus tail, turn and head lights were made in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Saturnus tail lights were only on 2012-13 Tomos mopeds (US models), but they have been on European models for decades.
# part# price qty description
30 223572 N/A 1 Rear lamp 2012-on
31 044698 $1.50 1 bulb 12V/5W BA15S
32 044689 $1.50 1 bulb 12V/10W BA15S
33 044439 $$1 2 Lens screw ST 3.9×16
34 236963 N/A 1 Rear lamp holder (mount) 2012-on
35 026690 $1.50 2 Screw M6x16 button-head allen
36 031509 20¢ 2 Washer 6
37 222187 $$8 2 Distance tube 6x10x7.5 (not 6x9x5.5 like pre-2012)
38 219946 $$5 2 Vibration rubber for taillight xxx (same as pre-2012)
39 031925 20¢ 2 Washer 6 xxxxxxxxxx (lower is same as pre-2012)
40 044284 $1.00 2 hex bolt M6x22 xxxxxx (not M6x20 like pre-2012)
41 217674 50¢ 2 Washer 6.4×16 xxxxxxx (not 8.4×16 like pre-2012)
42 030040 50¢ 2 Nut M6 self-locking (not shoulder nut like pre-2012)
The fender mount was made to interchange with CEV 9417. The upper 6mm stud on CEV 9417 was very short. That made the special shoulder nut necessary, on 1978-2012 Tomos with CEV 9417. This Saturnus mount uses separate bolts, which are longer. That eliminates the need for a more costly shoulder nut. So Saturnus mount uses a 2mm shorter nut, 2mm longer bolt, 2mm longer spacer. This makes the bolts/nuts 2mm closer to the rear tire.
Fiem tail and turn lights are made in India. On US models, Fiem rear lamps are on early 2000’s Hero Pacer, Panther, Ankur (Hero Majestic), Cosmo Stinger (Mont) and Avanti Autopower, Mont, Supersport, Kobra (Mont) mopeds.
These two lights are the same. The Avanti one is missing the lower red reflector and left side reflector. The Hero one is missing the right side reflector. The top bulb is bigger for the brake light, 12V 10W with base BA15S (bayonet 12 mm single contact). The bottom bulb is smaller for the tail light, 12V 4W with base BA9S (bayonet 9 mm single contact). The tail light also illuminates the license plate through a clear bottom in the red lens.
The Avanti wire colors are yellow = tail, green = brake, black = ground. See wirings for more.